Volume 14 Supplement 1

Abstracts of the 15th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions: 2012

Open Access

Decreased exercise capacity in ‘asymptomatic’ patients late after relief of severe pulmonary stenosis and moderate restenosis: evidence for diastolic dysfunction

  • Soha Romeih1, 2,
  • Nico A Blom3,
  • Mart N van der Plas4,
  • Anje M Spijkerboer1,
  • Barbara J Mulder1 and
  • Maarten Groenink1, 2
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance201214(Suppl 1):O80

DOI: 10.1186/1532-429X-14-S1-O80

Published: 1 February 2012

Summary

We concluded that close and regular follow up of asymptomatic patients with a history of previous intervention for PS and residual moderate PS by stress testing is recommended. This might reveal cardiac functional deterioration, which could be an indicator for the earlier intervention in this group of patients to avoid permanent cardiac dysfunction.

Background

Little is known about the management of moderate pulmonary restenosis after relief for severe pulmonary valve stenosis (PS).We evaluated cardiac response to physical and pharmacological stress late after relief of severe PS in these patients.

Methods

Twenty asymptomatic patients with moderate PS were divided into 2 groups: Group I (late after relief of severe PS, n = 9), and Group II (no previous intervention, n = 11). All patients underwent an exercise test, dobutamine stress (DS) MRI, and delayed contrast enhanced MRI. The response to physical and pharmacological stress was compared between both groups.

Results

Group I showed impaired exercise capacity compared to Group II (VO2max = 72.8 ± 3.5 vs. 103 ± 16%, p = 0.01). At rest, both groups showed normal systolic function. Majority of Group I patients have impaired RV diastolic function (82% vs. 33%, P = 0.004). During DS-MRI, right ventricular stroke volume (RV-SV) increased in Group II but not in Group I (+13 ± 8 ml, - 5 ± 8 ml, p < 0.001). In Group I, RV peak flow rate ratio correlated positively with Δ RV-SV (r = 0.58, p = 0.01), and negatively with the period of moderate PS existence (r = -0.77, p = 0.01- Figure 1). VO2max and O2-pulse were correlated with RV-SV response to DS-MRI.
Figure 1

Correlation between RV E/A peak flow rate ratio and the period of moderate PS existence (A) Group I (B) Group II.

Conclusions

Impaired exercise capacity in patients with moderate pulmonary restenosis after relief of severe PS is caused by inability to increase RV-SV. This is probably caused by disturbed RV filling properties, which worsen in time.

Funding

Financial disclosure: none.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Cardiology, Academic Medical Center
(2)
Radiology, Academic Medical Center
(3)
Pediatric Cardiology, Academic Medical Center
(4)
Pulmonology, Academic Medical Center

Copyright

© Romeih et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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