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Table 1 Comparisons between the publishing models

From: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance: Open access in 2008

  Conventional Publishing Open Access Publishing
History of basic principles First printing press made by Johannes Gutenberg in 1440. Many printing companies worldwide. Significant recent consolidation. Internet first working in 1969. PDF files mimic printed page, and prevent alteration of content. BioMed Central publishes open access articles from 2000.
Copyright ownership Publisher Author
Payment for publishing articles Usually none, but some journals have a "per page" charge The institution, research funder, or author submitting the article
Payment for reading articles The readers through payment or subscriptions None
Submission Usually internet Internet
Publication Usually paper and internet Internet
Peer review Yes Yes
Time to publication after acceptance Highly variable, from same day posting of manuscript, to many months later in print Same day posting of manuscript with replacement by typeset final version some weeks later
Visibility Variable, other than for the abstract, and depends on cost of access High, with free full article access
Number of articles Limited by issue/volume pages Unlimited
Typical proponents Publishers Public and charitable funders: eg National Institutes of Health (USA), Wellcome Trust (UK), Medical Research Council (UK), Howard Hughes Medical Institute (USA)
Cost of use of colour $500–1000 per printed page None
Paper copy in hand Yes Only by printing the article
Embedding of cines Not on paper Yes, in the primary article
Citation index Yes Yes
Cited by PubMed and other scholarly search sites Yes Yes
Trend in citation index Neutral Increase through visibility
Long term archiving Yes Yes
Back archive Yes Yes