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Table 3 Comparison of arterial morphology fitted mean (SE) values for each gender.

From: Differences in carotid arterial morphology and composition between individuals with and without obstructive coronary artery disease: A cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

Characteristic Female Male
  CAD Cases (N = 48) Controls (N = 48) p-value CAD Cases (N = 49) Controls (N = 46) p-value
ICA       
LA, mm2 30.2 ± 1.9 32.3 ± 1.8 0.4 37.5 ± 1.8 44.6 ± 1.8 0.006
TVA, mm2 52.4 ± 2.4 54.1 ± 2.3 0.6 64.0 ± 2.3 70.9 ± 2.4 0.037
WA, mm2 22.1 ± 0.9 21.8 ± 0.8 0.8 26.5 ± 0.9 26.4 ± 0.9 0.9
MWT, mm 1.01 ± 0.03 0.94 ± 0.03 0.12 1.07 ± 0.03 0.99 ± 0.03 0.07
NWI 0.440 ± 0.011 0.414 ± 0.010 0.042 0.422 ± 0.011 0.385 ± 0.011 0.013
Distal Bulb       
LA, mm2 48.9 ± 3.2 49.2 ± 3.1 0.9 60.0 ± 3.1 79.7 ± 3.2 <0.001
TVA, mm2 80.5 ± 4.1 79.5 ± 4.0 0.9 99.6 ± 4.0 119.8 ± 4.1 <0.001
WA, mm2 31.7 ± 1.3 30.2 ± 1.2 0.9 39.7 ± 1.2 40.0 ± 1.3 0.4
MWT, mm 1.11 ± 0.03 1.06 ± 0.03 0.2 1.25 ± 0.03 1.11 ± 0.03 0.002
NWI 0.408 ± 0.009 0.391 ± 0.009 0.2 0.407 ± 0.009 0.349 ± 0.010 <0.001
Proximal Bulb       
LA, mm2 33.7 ± 2.0 31.1 ± 1.9 0.3 41.9 ± 1.9 50.2 ± 2.0 0.003
TVA, mm2 58.4 ± 2.7 53.8 ± 2.7 0.2 71.4 ± 2.7 80.1 ± 2.8 0.02
WA, mm2 24.7 ± 1.0 22.7 ± 1.0 0.13 29.5 ± 1.0 29.9 ± 1.0 0.7
MWT, mm 1.04 ± 0.03 0.99 ± 0.03 0.2 1.11 ± 0.03 1.06 ± 0.03 0.2
NWI 0.426 ± 0.008 0.424 ± 0.008 0.8 0.414 ± 0.007 0.385 ± 0.008 0.007
Common       
LA, mm2 30.0 ± 1.2 28.8 ± 1.2 0.4 35.9 ± 1.3 38.5 ± 1.3 0.2
TVA, mm2 51.9 ± 1.7 48.9 ± 1.7 0.2 60.3 ± 1.8 62.3 ± 1.9 0.4
WA, mm2 21.8 ± 0.7 20.2 ± 0.6 0.06 24.3 ± 0.7 23.8 ± 0.7 0.6
MWT, mm 0.97 ± 0.02 0.93 ± 0.02 0.09 1.00 ± 0.02 0.96 ± 0.02 0.15
NWI 0.421 ± 0.006 0.419 ± 0.006 0.8 0.406 ± 0.006 0.387 ± 0.006 0.03
  1. ICA = internal carotid artery; LA = lumen area; TVA = total vessel area; WA = wall area; MWT = mean wall thickness; NWI = normalized wall index