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Table 5 Comparison of plaque component prevalence for each gender.

From: Differences in carotid arterial morphology and composition between individuals with and without obstructive coronary artery disease: A cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

Characteristic Female Male
  CAD Cases (N = 48) Controls (N = 48) p-value CAD Cases (N = 49) Controls (N = 46) p-value
ICA       
Calcification, % 21.3 8.3 0.09 25.0 4.3 0.007
LRNC, % 14.9 8.3 0.3 18.8 10.9 0.3
Distal Bulb       
Calcification, % 22.9 8.3 0.049 40.8 15.2 0.007
LRNC, % 12.5 14.6 0.8 46.9 10.9 < 0.001
Proximal Bulb       
Calcification, % 10.4 2.1 0.2 8.2 0.0 0.11
LRNC, % 8.3 2.1 0.4 16.3 8.9 0.4
Common       
Calcification, % 2.1 0.0 0.3 2.1 0.0 0.3
LRNC, % 2.1 0.0 1.0 4.2 0.0 0.5
  1. ICA = internal carotid artery; LRNC = lipid-rich necrotic core