Contrast Enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) with Kinetic Remodel. V-V image generated by the dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) with kinetic remodel. Illustration of the steps in creating a vasa vasorum image: boundaries drawn on a conventional contrast define a region of interest for processing. Within this region, DCE-MRI images are run through the KFRS algorithm, and then a blood curve (AIF) is automatically extracted and used for kinetic modeling. Finally, the boundaries are mapped to the resulting vasa vasorum image and Ktrans is measured in the wall. Reprinted, with permission from Ref .