Phase encoding steps and repetition time, TR. To acquire sufficient information for image reconstruction, the pulse sequence is repeated a number of times, with an increment in the strength (or slope) of the phase encoding gradient being applied each time. In this example, 7 values of phase encoding gradient slope are used (shown by the dotted lines). Note that as the strength of the phase encoding gradient increases, this increases the amount of de-phasing along the gradient. When the strength (or slope) of the phase encoding gradient is zero (step 4), there is no de-phasing and the signal has its maximum possible amplitude. The time interval between each repetition is known as the repetition time, TR.