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Figure 23 | Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Figure 23

From: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance physics for clinicians: part I

Figure 23

Double inversion black-blood preparation scheme. The double-inversion black-blood preparation pulse scheme uses two 180° inversion rf pulses to make the suppression of the blood signal more effective. The first inversion pulse, A, is not slice selective and inverts the magnetisation of all the tissue within range of the rf transmitter coil. The second inversion pulse, B, is a slice selective pulse that restores the magnetisation of the tissue within the intended image slice. The net effect of pulses A and B is to invert the magnetisation of all the tissue outside the intended image slice (shown in grey). After a prescribed inversion recovery period, TI, chosen as the time taken for the blood magnetisation to reach zero, an excitation pulse, C, is applied to generate a signal that is dependent on the current value the z-magnetisation of tissue and blood within the slice. During that same period, the non-inverted blood within the slice (red) is likely to have been replaced by the blood from outside the slice that has been inverted (grey) resulting in a signal void within the vessel.

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