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Table 1 Summary of chest and cardiac dimensions and indices

From: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance in patients with pectus excavatum compared with normal controls

  Pectus patients Healthy Subjects
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD P-value
Age (year) 24.3 ± 13.3 24.1 ± 3.8 0.770
Height (meter) 1.8 ± 0.1 1.7 ± 0.07 0.253
Weight (Kg) 67.1 ± 11.7 72.2 ± 14 0.054
BSA 1.8 ± 0.2 1.9 ± 0.2 0.055
Chest Diameters and Indices    
Minimum sterno-spinal distance (cm) 3.6 ± 1.7 9.1 ± 1.6 < 0.001
Maximum transverse diameter (cm) 26.4 ± 2.1 25.1 ± 2.0 0.057
Chest Index/Pectus Severity Index (PSI) 9.3 ± 5.0 2.8 ± 0.4 < 0.001
Right chest maximum AP diameter (cm) 12.2 ± 1.6 14.5 ± 1.7 < 0.001
Left chest maximum AP diameter (cm) 12.6 ± 1.6 14.2 ± 2.0 0.003
Right chest flatness 2.2 ± 0.2 1.7 ± 0.2 < 0.001
Left chest flatness 2.1 ± 0.2 1.8 ± 0.2 < 0.001
Coronal maximum transverse diameter (cm) 25.7 ± 3.2 24.3 ± 1.0 0.072
Coronal maximum diameter of the heart (cm) 14.4 ± 2.3 12.8 ± 1.4 < 0.001
Cardio-Thoracic Ratio (Cardiac Flatness) 0.6 ± 0.3 0.5 ± 0.04 0.154
Cardiac Shift    
Right Border of heart to midline (cm) 2.7 ± 2.1 4.3 ± 0.7 < 0.001
Left Border of heart to midline (cm) 11.6 ± 1.6 8.1 ± 1.3 < 0.001
Cardiac Left Lateral Shift (%) 83.9 ± 13.6 65.2 ± 5.8 < 0.001