Skip to main content

Table 1 Maximum aortic diameter (mm) in Turner syndrome at inclusion and after an average follow-up time of 2.4 years compared with age-matched healthy controls (examined once).

From: Dilation of ascending aorta in Turner syndrome - short-term follow-up

  Turner syndrome
(N= 80)
P†(Turner syndrome at baseline versus follow-up) Controls
(N= 65)
P‡
(Controls versus Turner syndrome at baseline)
  Baseline Follow-up Change during follow-up    
Sinotubular junction 25.3 ± 4.3 25.7 ± 4.0 0.4 (0.1;0.7) 0.02 25.6 ± 2.7 0.7
Ascending aorta 27.5 ± 5.0 28.0 ± 5.1 0.6 (0.2;0.9) 0.009 26.5 ± 3.4 0.2
Distal ascending aorta 25.3 ± 3.6 25.2 ± 3.6 -0.1 (-0.3;0.2) 0.8 25.3 ± 2.9 0.9
Proximal aortic arch 23.4 ± 3.6 23.4 ± 3.4 0.1 (-0.1;0.4) 0.4 24.1 ± 2.8 0.2
Distal aortic arch 20.5 ± 2.7 20.5 ± 2.6 0.1 (-0.1;0.3) 0.5 22.8 ± 2.4 <0.0001
Aortic isthmus 19.3 ± 2.3 19.4 ± 2.3 0.1 (-0.1;0.3) 0.3 21.4 ± 2.3 <0.0001
Descending aorta 19.5 ± 2.8 19.4 ± 2.7 -0.05 (-0.2;0.1) 0.6 19.7 ± 2.3 0.7
Distal descending aorta 18.2 ± 2.2 18.1 ± 2.2 -0.1 (-0.2;0.1) 0.2 18.3 ± 2.3 0.7
  1. †: Paired Student's t-test, equal variances assumed
  2. ‡: Independent Students t-test, equal variances assumed