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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients with and without LGE. Values are numbers (percentages) unless otherwise stated.

From: Prevalence and prognosis of myocardial scar in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease and normal wall motion

Characteristics All
N = 1148
LGE
N = 104
No LGE
N = 1044
P Value
Male 481 (41.9) 66 (63.5) 415 (39.8) < 0.001
Mean (SD) age (years) 64.6 (11.3) 64.9 (12.5) 64.6 (11.2) 0.817
Smoking 148 (12.9) 19 (18.3) 129 (12.4) 0.086
Hypercholesterolemia 729 (63.5) 77 (74) 652 (62.5) 0.019
Diabetes mellitus 381 (33.2) 40 (38.5) 341 (32.7) 0.231
Hypertension 732 (63.8) 76 (73.1) 656 (62.8) 0.038
History of dyspnea on exertion 477 (41.6) 53 (51) 424 (40.6) 0.041
History of heart failure 23 (2) 2 (1.9) 21 (2) 0.951
Presence of chest pain 576 (50.2) 48 (46.2) 528 (50.6) 0.390
Medication     
   -Beta blockers 487 (42.4) 48 (46.2) 439 (42) 0.419
   -Calcium channel blockers 288 (25.1) 21 (20.2) 267 (25.6) 0.227
   -Nitrates 284 (24.7) 27 (26) 257 (24.6) 0.762
   -Aspirin/clopidogrel 600 (52.3) 60 (57.7) 540 (51.7) 0.245
   -ACEI/ARB 334 (29.1) 40 (38.5) 294 (28.2) 0.027
   -Statins 541 (47.1) 59 (56.7) 482 (46.2) 0.040
MI by ECG 89 (7.8) 17 (18.1) 72 (7.4) < 0.001
CMR variables in mean (SD)     
   -LVEF (%) 71.0 (9.1) 69.8 (10.7) 71.1 (9.0) 0.255
   -LVEDVI (ml/m2) 60.6 (19.6) 62.4 (22.0) 60.4 (19.4) 0.320
   -LVESVI (ml/m2) 18.6 (14.1) 20.5 (17.7) 18.4 (13.7) 0.258
   -LVMASSI (g/m2) 48.8 (17.3) 63.0 (31.7) 47.3 (14.5) < 0.001
  1. LGE = late gadolinium enhancement, MI = myocardial infarction, CMR = cardiovascular magnetic resonance, ACEI = angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, ARB = angiotensin receptor blockers, LVEF = left ventricular ejection fraction, LVEDVI = left ventricular end-diastolic volume index, LVESVI = left ventricular end-systolic volume index, LVMASSI = left ventricular mass index