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Table 1 Summary of the patients’ demographic data, primary diagnosis and type of palliated surgery

From: Systemic-to-pulmonary collateral flow in patients with palliated univentricular heart physiology: measurement using cardiovascular magnetic resonance 4D velocity acquisition

  BCPC Fontan p value
Age at CMR (years) 2.9 ± 1.3 14.4 ± 5.9 0.01*
Weight (kg) 12.5 ± 3.1 46.2 ± 22 0.01*
BSA (m2) 0.5 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.4 0.01*
Females (%) 8 (57 %) 4 (27 %) >0.05
Age at BCPC (years) 0.6 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.8 0.01*
Time between BCPC – CMR (years) 2.3 ± 1.3 11.4 ± 3.1 0.01*
Age at Fontan (years) - 5.7 ± 6.5 -
Time between BCPC-Fontan (years) - 2.9 ± 1.3 -
Time between Fontan – CMR (years) - 8.6 ± 4.1 -
Primary cardiac diagnosis    
Double inlet left ventricle 1 4 n/a
Tricuspid atresia 1 3 n/a
PA – IVS 2 - n/a
HLHS 10 5 n/a
Unbalanced AVSD 1 2 n/a
Straddling AV valve - 1 n/a
Staged palliated surgery    
Hemi-Fontan 11 - n/a
BCPC 3 - n/a
Classic Fontan (Atriopulmonary connection) - 4 n/a
Intracardiac Lateral tunnel - 2 n/a
Extracardiac Conduit - 9 n/a
  1. AV, atrioventricular valve; AVSD, atrioventricular septal defect; BCPC, bidirectional cavopulmonary connection; BSA, body surface area; CMR, cardiovascular magnetic resonance; HLHS, hypoplastic left heart syndrome; PA - IVS, pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum; TCPC, total cavopulmonary connection; n/a, not applicable; *, p < 0.05.