Skip to main content


Figure 16 | Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Figure 16

From: Guidelines and protocols for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in children and adults with congenital heart disease: SCMR expert consensus group on congenital heart disease

Figure 16

Schematic diagram illustrating data acquisition timing in a late gadolinium enhancement sequence. Each rectangle represents data acquisition timed to coincide with the cardiac rest period and during which a user-defined number of k-space lines are filled. Multiple data acquisitions and thus cardiac cycles are required to fill k-space and produce an image. At a heart rate of 80 bpm (A), data acquisition occurs every second cardiac cycle in order to allow sufficient time for recovery of longitudinal signal. At a heart rate of 120 bpm (B), the cardiac cycle length is shorter so the sequence is modified to acquire data every third cycle in order to maintain the same time for the recovery of longitudinal signal. In addition, the data acquisition duration is shortened to compensate for the briefer cardiac rest period associated with a faster heart rate.

Back to article page