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Table 1 Gender Specific Effects of Obesity on Regional Aortic Diameter - Data Presented as Mean With Normal Range (+/- 2SD)

From: Diameters of the normal thoracic aorta measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging; correlation with gender, body surface area and body mass index

   Male  
Aortic Diameter (mm) Normal Weight Overweight Obese ANOVA p
Aortic Valve Annulus 24.0 (18.8-29.2) 24.7 (19.5-29.9) 25.7 (20.7-30.7) <0.05
Sinus of Valsalva 32.2 (24.6-39.8) 32.9 (25.3-40.5) 33.3 (25.3-31.3) <0.05
Sino-tubular Junction 24.9 (18.1-31.7) 25.8 (17.0-34.6) 25.9 (19.1-32.7) <0.05
Ascending Aorta 26.6 (18.2-35.0) 27.8 (18.8-36.8 28.6 (23.2-34.0) <0.01
Proximal Descending Aorta 20.4 (14.6-26.2) 21.2 (15.6-26.8) 22.1 (16.5-27.7) <0.01
Distal Descending Aorta 17.4 (12.0-22.8) 18.3 (12.7-23.9) 19.0 (14.8-23.2) <0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 22 +/-1.7 27 +/-1.6 34 +/-4.8 <0.01
BSA (m2) 1.9 (+/-0.1) 2.0 (+/-0.1) 2.3 (+/-0.2) <0.01
   Female  
Aortic Diameter (mm Normal Weight Overweight Obese ANOVA p
Aortic Valve Annulus 20.2 (17.0-23.4) 21.7 (18.5-23.9) 21.6 (17.6-25.6) <0.01
Sinus of Valsalva 27.6 (22.0-33.2) 28.6 (21.6-35.6) 27.8 (22.2-33.4) <0.05
Sino-tubular Junction 21.7 (16.7-26.7) 22.5 (16.5-28.5) 22.3 (16.5-28.1) <0.05
Ascending Aorta 24.8 (17.6-32.0) 26.7 (19.3-34.1) 26.9 (19.3-34.5) <0.01
Proximal Descending Aorta 18.6 (14.6-22.6) 19.5 (14.9-24.1) 20.1 (15.5-24.7) <0.01
Distal Descending Aorta 16.1 (14.1-18.1) 16.9 (14.7-19.1) 17.6 (15.7-19.5) <0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 22.0 (+/-1.6) 27.0 (+/-1.5) 37.0 (+/-4.8) <0.01
BSA (m2) 1.7 (+/-0.1) 1.8 (+/-0.1) 2.0 (+/-0.2) <0.01