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Table 2 Systolic circumferential strain, aortic distensibility and pulse wave velocity in RA, RA with CVRFs, controls and controls with CVRFs.

From: Myocardial and vascular dysfunction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: insights from cardiovascular magnetic resonance

  Normal controls N=35 Controls with CVRFs N=18 RA N=22 RA with CVRFs N=44 P Value
Mid SA systolic circumferential strain -19.2 ± 1.1 -17.6 ± 1.2 -17.26 ± 1.4 -16.9 ± 1.2 <0.001
Peak diastolic strain rate 143.9 ± 19.7 113.6 ± 27.9 101.9 ± 23.5 103.1 ± 20.3 <0.001
Aortic distensibility (10-3mmHg-1) Ascending aorta Proximal descending aorta Distal descending aorta 3.2 ± 1.8
3.7 ± 1.3
5.7 ± 2.0
2.1 ± 1.5
3.1 ± 1.4
4.5 ± 1.5
2.2 ± 1.5
2.7 ± 1.2
4.0 ± 1.5
2.0 ± 1.3
2.1 ± 1.5
3.6 ± 1.7
0.002
<0.001
<0.001
Pulse wave velocity (m/s) Aortic arch PWV Descending aorta PWV Total PWV 4.2 ± 2.6
3.8 ± 1.5
4.4 ± 1.6
6.2 ± 1.9
6.2 ± 1.8
6.7 ± 1.5
6.8 ± 3.1
6.9 ± 2.9
7.7 ± 2.9
7.2 ± 2.2
7.7 ± 2.3
8.3 ± 2.8
<0.001
<0.001
<0.001
  1. SA, short axis; PWV, pulse wave velocity.