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Table 2 Circumstances of sudden death

From: Comparison of conventional autopsy and magnetic resonance imaging in determining the cause of sudden death in the young

Patient Sex/Age (yrs) Circumstances of death Place & time of death Documented arrhythmia Preexisting condition MRI diagnosis CT diagnosis Autopsy diagnosis
1 F/28 Found semiconscious in bed by sisters, moaned “ambulance” then lost consciousness. Home 2330 pm No Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, last follow up 5 yrs prior Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Unexplained Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
2 M/28 Brother heard loud bang overnight, found deceased on floor next morning. Home Overnight No No ARVC Unexplained ARVC
3 M/35 Complained of chest and arm pain earlier in day. Went to bed as felt unwell later found dead. Home 0600-1200 pm No No Acute myocardial infarction Unexplained Acute myocardial infarction
4 M/29 Found slumped over toilet seat at home, last seen 12 hours prior. Home 1930 pm No Epilepsy, Alagille Syndrome SUDEP (Grey matter heterotopia) Unexplained SUDEP
5 M/31 Went for evening jog (usual for him), found by passers by prone on grass footpath. Outdoors 1945 pm No No Ruptured aortic aneurysm Ruptured aortic aneurysm Ruptured aortic aneurysm
6 M/1.5 NOK put deceased to bed on his back, found short time later cyanosed and not breathing with vomit near mouth Home 1940 pm No Febrile convulsions Pneumonia Unexplained Unexplained
7 M/16 Complained of flu-like symptoms for preceding 24 hours. Went to bed as felt unwell, found by NOK not breathing in bed. Home 1720 pm Asystole No Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Unexplained Unexplained
8 M/32 Collapsed unconscious while dancing in a salsa club. Hospital 0000-0600 am No Type II DM, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia Coronary artery disease Perforated viscus Coronary artery disease
9 M/17 Found deceased in bed. Home Overnight No No ARVC Unexplained Unexplained
10 F/35 Collapsed in bathroom, found by husband not breathing. Home 1900 pm No No ARVC Pulmonary haemorrhage ARVC
11 F/17 Found deceased in bed. Home Overnight No No ARVC Unexplained ARVC
12 M/26 Complained of nausea and breathlessness then noted to lose consciousness. Had noticed breathlessness and leg pain previous 3–4 days. Hospital 0249 am No No Pulmonary embolus Pulmonary embolus Pulmonary embolus
13 F/26 Presented to hospital with chest pain, nausea and chills. Rapid deterioration and cardiac arrest Hospital 0645 am No No Myocarditis Unexplained Myocarditis
14 M/4 Diarrhoea and vomiting day prior to death. Then noted to be lethargic, taken to hospital but deteriorated. Hospital 1735 pm No No Unexplained Intraabdominal bleed Unexplained
15 M/27 Found unconscious on roadside whilst out jogging. Hospital 1200 pm VF No ARVC Unexplained ARVC
16 M/5 Found in bed not breathing after vomiting. Had been complaining of headaches for 2 week. Home 0320 am No No Intracranial tumour Intracranial tumour Intracranial tumour
17 M/29 Complained of nausea, went to sleep and found deceased by friends following morning. Home Overnight No No Unexplained Unexplained Unexplained
  1. NB: M = male; F = female; ARVC = arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy; SUDEP = sudden unexplained death in epilepsy; VF = ventricular fibrillation.