3D CINE bSSFP enhanced flow visualization. Flow was visualized at one systolic timepoint for an aortic volume segmented from a) the 4D flow PC-MRA and b) time-averaged 3D CINE bSSFP MRI. On the left: streamlines were emitted from the aortic volume (shown in light gray) and color-coded by velocity. The flow analysis planes shown are the locations where flow quantifications were made. On the right: to further illustrate the magnitude and direction of flow, velocity arrows are shown at a cut-plane perpindicular to the analysis plane. With 3D CINE bSSFP MRI the segmentation is enhanced in the aortic root, enabling the visualization of vortex flow in the sinuses of Valsalva (black arrows).