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Table 2 Characteristics of study population

From: The association between cardiovascular risk and cardiovascular magnetic resonance measures of fibrosis: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

Demographics Women (n = 625) Men (n = 606) p-value
Age (yrs) 67 ± 9 67 ± 9 0.94
Height (cm) 160 ± 6.6 174 ± 7.5 <0.001
Weight (lb) 161 ± 36 188 ± 35 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 28 ± 6 28 ± 5 0.24
White/African/Chinese/Hispanic (%) 54/23/11/12 50/22/12/16 0.13
Heart rate (beats/min) 65.3 ± 9.5 63.8 ± 10 0.005
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 122 ± 20 121 ± 18 0.49
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 65 ± 9 71 ± 9 <0.001
Current smokers 41 (6.6) 43 (7.1) <0.001
Hypertension 343 (54.9) 298 (49.2) 0.045
Diabetes 87 (13.9) 98 (16.2) 0.002
Metabolic syndrome 233 (37.3) 182 (30) 0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 60.2 ± 16.9 49.1 ± 13.1 <0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 110.8 ± 31.2 100.6 ± 30.4 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 193.2 ± 34.6 171.5 ± 34 <0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 111.8 ± 58.7 110 ± 69 0.78
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 85 ± 21 85 ± 17 0.52
Framingham risk score 0.06 ± 0.04 0.13 ± 0.07 <0.001
Native (Pre-contrast) myocardial T1 (ms) 986 ± 45 968 ± 38 <0.001
Post-contrast myocardial T1 (ms)§ 505 ± 41 535 ± 34 <0.001
Hematocrit (%) 38.4 ± 2.9 41.6 ± 3.5 <0.001
Extracellular volume fraction (%)ǁ 28.1 ± 2.8 25.8 ± 2.9 <0.001
  1. *Values are mean ± SD, %, or n (%).
  2. BMI = body mass index; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate; HDL = high-density lipoprotein, LDL = low-density lipoprotein.
  3. Defined according to National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines.
  4. §25-min post-contrast T1 time.
  5. ǁn = 321 for women; n = 287 for men.