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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Arterial spin labeling perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance of the calf in peripheral arterial disease: cuff occlusion hyperemia vs exercise

Characteristics NL-Ex NL-Cuff PAD-Ex PAD-Cuff
  (n = 14) (n = 12) (n = 15) (n = 11)
Age, yrs 54 ± 9 54 ± 6 64 ± 9 72 ± 11
ABI 1.08 ± 0.06 1.0 ± 0.07 0.70 ± 0.14 0.68 ± 0.05
Male 7 (50) 6 (50) 5 (33) 8 (73)
Active Tobacco use 0 0 8 (53) 5 (45)
Former tobacco use 0 0 3 (20) 5 (45)
Hypertension 0 0 12 (80) 10 (91)
Diabetes 0 0 7 (47) 6 (55)
Prior lower extremity stent 0 0 5 (33) 5 (45)
Prior lower extremity bypass 0 0 3 (20) 0
  1. Mean ± SD or n (%). NL = healthy controls; PAD = peripheral arterial disease patients; Ex = exercise stress; Cuff = occlusion-hyperemia stress.