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Table 2 Changes from rest to moderate exercise

From: Real-time aortic pulse wave velocity measurement during exercise stress testing

  Rest Exercise Change
Heart rate (bpm) 68 ± 12 99 ± 13 31 ± 12**
Work rate (W) 38 ± 22
SBP (mmHg) 120 ± 14 134 ± 16 14 ± 9**
DBP (mmHg) 74 ± 10 76 ± 9 2 ± 4**
MAP (mmHg) 87 ± 10 92 ± 10 5 ± 5**
PP (mmHg) 47 ± 8 59 ± 13 12 ± 9**
Central SBP (mmHg) 111 ± 14 123 ± 16 11 ± 9**
Central DBP (mmHg) 75 ± 10 78 ± 9 3 ± 4**
Central MAP (mmHg) 90 ± 12 97 ± 11 7 ± 6**
Central PP (mmHg) 37 ± 8 45 ± 12 8 ± 8**
Cardiac output (L/min1) 6.3 ± 1.4 10.2 ± 2.2 3.9 ± 1.9**
RPP (×103 bpm·mmHg) 8.1 ± 1.7 13.3 ± 2.8 5.2 ± 2.5**
Cardiac output power (W) 1.22 ± 0.33 2.11 ± 0.62 0.87 ± 0.50**
End diastolic volume (mL) 146 ± 28 151 ± 31 5 ± 14*
End systolic volume (mL) 52 ± 14 47 ± 13 −5 ± 6**
Stroke volume (mL) 93 ± 16 104 ± 21 10 ± 13**
Ejection fraction (%) 64 ± 4 69 ± 4 5 ± 3**
LV mass (g) 125 ± 31
Augmentation index (%) 56 ± 29 40 ± 26 −15 ± 19**
PWV (m/s1) 5.5 ± 1.7 6.2 ± 2.1 0.7 ± 2.2*
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, MAP mean arterial blood pressure, PP pulse pressure, RPP rate pressure product, PWV pulse wave velocity
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.001