Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics in five groups

From: Quantification of left ventricular trabeculae using cardiovascular magnetic resonance for the diagnosis of left ventricular non-compaction: evaluation of trabecular volume and refined semi-quantitative criteria

Variables Isolated LVNC (n = 24) Non-isolated LVNC (n = 33) DCMNC (n = 30) DCM (n = 27) Control (n = 31)
Age, years 51.2 ± 12.8 55.1 ± 16.5 (P = 0.179) 53.0 ± 14.1 (P = 0.688) 59.2 ± 15.8 (P = 0.026) 55.4 ± 7.8 (P = 0.137)
Sex, male (%) 50.0 57.6 60.0 70.4 74.2
Height, cm 164.7 ± 7.5 167.0 ± 9.0 (P = 0.303) 162.3 ± 8.2 (P = 0.280) 164.4 ± 10.5 (P = 0.962) 166.2 ± 8.7 (P = 0.518)
Weight, kg 62.9 ± 12.3 65.2 ± 10.7 (P = 0.593) 63.4 ± 13.7 (P = 0.896) 63.3 ± 14.1 (P = 0.992) 68.0 ± 12.2 (P = 0.166)
BSA, m2 1.68 ± 0.19 1.73 ± 0.17 (P = 0.460) 1.67 ± 0.18 (P = 0.501) 1.69 ± 0.23 (P = 0.879) 1.76 ± 0.19 (P = 0.205)
SBP, mmHg 117.9 ± 11.6 118.0 ± 17.2 (P = 0.935) 114.0 ± 18.7 (P = 0.061) 113.0 ± 15.1 (P = 0.274) 127.9 ± 13.0*
DBP, mmHg 66.7 ± 8.4 67.7 ± 10.8 (P = 0.446) 68.8 ± 11.3 (P = 0.500) 67.6±12.0 (P = 0.992) 75.3 ± 8.5*
TC, mg/dL 195.6 ± 46.6 168.8 ± 30.6 (P = 0.028) 170.7 ± 41.2 (P = 0.023) 165.1±35.2 (P = 0.020) 197.1 ± 33.0 (P = 0.812)
TG, mg/dL 148.5 ± 147.0 117.1 ± 59.2 (P = 0.992) 125.5 ± 99.1 (P = 0.726) 118.0±82.2 (P = 0.725) 125.6 ± 72.1 (P = 0.926)
LDL-C, mg/dL 119.6 ± 36.0 104.9 ± 33.3 (P = 0.114) 105.7 ± 28.9 (P = 0.105) 94.7 ± 27.5 (P = 0.018) 127.0 ± 28.4 (P = 0.441)
HDL-C, mg/dL 58.7 ± 19.6 51.0 ± 12.2 (P = 0.166) 46.5 ± 15.2 (P = 0.038) 52.3 ± 23.9 (P = 0.080) 53.0 ± 14.1 (P = 0.244)
FBS, mg/dL 99.3 ± 11.7 104.9 ± 20.1 (P = 0.321) 122.6 ± 52.6 (P = 0.052) 115.0 ± 45.3 (P = 0.253) 101.1 ± 14.6 (P = 0.634)
Hypertension (%) 12.5 18.2 (P = 0.720) 26.7 (P = 0.310) 25.9 (P = 0.300) 22.6 (P = 0.486)
Diabetes (%) 8.3 15.2 (P = 0.687) 20.0 (P = 0.277) 33.3** 6.5 (P = 1.000)
Dyslipidemia (%) 41.7 33.3 (P = 0.585) 16.7 (P = 0.066) 18.5 (P = 0.123) 45.2 (P = 1.000)
CHF (%) 0 18.2** 46.7** 59.3** 0.0
CAD (%) 0 18.2 ** 3.3 (P = 1.000) 7.4 (P = 0.492) 3.2 (P = 1.000)
CVA/TIA (%) 0 0 3.3 (P = 1.000) 11.1 (P = 0.238) 0.0
Arrhythmia (%) 0 30.3** 20.0** 18.5 (P = 0.052) 0.0
  1. Note- Data are mean ± standard deviation (SD)
  2. BSA body surface area, CAD coronary artery disease, CHF congestive heart failure, CVA cerebrovascular accident, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBS fasting blood sugar, HDL high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, LDL low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, SBP systolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, TIA transient ischemic attack. P-value was calculated in comparison with values obtained from isolated LVNC patients and *p < 0.0125, **p < 0.05