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Table 1 Clinical and demographic parameters, and body composition of the study population

From: Cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in childhood obesity: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

  Obese/Overweight n = 41 Healthy n = 29 p value
Age (years) 12 ± 3 14 ± 3 0.04
Sex (M/F) 18/23 17/12 0.33
Weight (kg) 73 ± 23 52 ± 15 <0.001
Height (cm) 157 ± 11 164 ± 18 0.05
Body Mass Index (kg/m 2 ) 29 ± 6 19 ± 2 <0.001
Body Mass Index Percentile 97 ± 3 42 ± 24 <0.001
Body Mass Index z-score 2.0 ± 0.4 −0.3 ± 0.8 <0.001
Heart rate (beats/min) 74 ± 11 70 ± 8 0.09
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 116 ± 13 108 ± 8 0.006
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 73 ± 7 71 ± 6 0.25
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 87 ± 8 83 ± 7 0.04
Subcutaneous adipose tissue (cm 2 ) 385 ± 172 89 ± 48 <0.001
Visceral adipose tissue (cm 2 ) 53 ± 23 17 ± 10 <0.001
Epicardial adipose tissue (cm 3 ) a 32 ± 27 14 ± 9b <0.001
  1. aEpicardial adipose tissue is in units of cm3 since it was quantified using a 3D stack of SSFP images. All other measures were derived from a single imaging plane and are therefore reported as areas (cm2)
  2. bOne of the 29 healthy weight subjects did not complete cine imaging and was therefore not included in the comparison of epicardial adipose tissue