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Table 5 Associations (Correlation Coefficients) between Cardiac Outcomes and Adiposity

From: Cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in childhood obesity: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

  BMI z-score EAT VAT
Unadjusted Adjusted a Unadjusted Adjusted b Unadjusted Adjusted
Geometry
 LVMI 0.69** 0.71** 0.39** 0.43** 0.50** 0.54**
 Average thickness 0.43** 0.46** 0.47** 0.48** 0.42** 0.57**
Function
 EF 0.003 −0.008 −0.27* −0.24* −0.09 −0.11
 E/A −0.04 −0.01 −0.03 −0.01 −0.11 −0.07
 E/E’ −0.02 −0.02 −0.05 −0.08 −0.07 −0.08
Peak strain
 Circumferential 0.15 0.18 0.29* 0.29* 0.22 0.28*
 Radial −0.03 −0.06 −0.03 −0.02 −0.10 −0.14
 Longitudinal 0.23 0.22 0.40** 0.36* 0.31* 0.30
  1. LVMI left ventricular mass index, BMI body mass index, EAT epicardial adipose tissue, VAT visceral adipose tissue, EF ejection fraction. *p <0.05; **p <0.001. aBMI z-score is adjusted for sex; bEAT and VAT are adjusted for height and sex