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Table 1 Summary of clinical characteristics of this study population (N = 58)

From: Co-existing intracranial and extracranial carotid artery atherosclerotic plaques and recurrent stroke risk: a three-dimensional multicontrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

  Mean ± SD or N (%) p
All patients Patients with only carotid plaques Patients with co-existing plaques
Age, years 58.0 ± 8.5 57.2 ± 9.0 58.3 ± 8.5 0.703
Sex, male 34 (58.6) 4 (30.8) 30 (66.7) 0.021
BMI, kg/m2 25.5 ± 3.4 27.0 ± 3.1 25.0 ± 3.4 0.065
SBP, mmHg 142.1 ± 24.7 141.9 ± 23.8 142.2 ± 25.2 0.970
DBP, mmHg 90.2 ± 13.9 89.6 ± 12.5 90.3 ± 14.4 0.871
Hypertension 40 (69) 9 (69.2) 31 (68.9) 0.981
Diabetes 21 (36.2) 4 (30.8) 17 (37.8) 0.643
Smoking 30 (51.7) 5 (38.5) 25 (55.6) 0.277
Hyperlipidemia 49 (84.5) 8 (61.5) 41 (91.1) 0.009
Statin 45 (77.6) 8 (61.5) 37 (82.2) 0.115
LDL, mmol/L 3.1 ± 1.2 2.6 ± 0.6 3.3 ± 1.2 0.081
HDL, mmol/L 1.1 ± 0.4 1.1 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.4 0.759
TC, mmol/L 4.7 ± 1.0 4.4 ± 0.9 4.8 ± 1.0 0.154
TG, mmol/L 1.7 ± 0.8 1.6 ± 0.7 1.7 ± 0.8 0.745
Stroke 52 (89.7) 12 (92.3) 40 (88.9) 0.721
TIA 18 (31.0) 4 (30.8) 14 (31.1) 0.981
Coronary heart disease 10 (17.2) 2 (15.4) 8 (17.8) 0.841
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, LDL lower density lipoprotein, HDL high density lipoprotein, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides