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Table 11 Exclusion criteria

From: Reference ranges for cardiac structure and function using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in Caucasians from the UK Biobank population cohort

  Number (%)
Age
  > 74 years 119 (2%)
Medical conditions
 Hypertension 1382 (28%)
 High cholesterol 787 (16%)
 Asthma 628 (13%)
 Hypothyroidism/myxoedema 322 (6%)
 Diabetes 204 (4%)
 Essential hypertension 130 (3%)
 Angina 127 (3%)
 Heart attack/myocardial infarction 104 (2%)
 Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) 87 (2%)
 Type 2 diabetes 83 (2%)
 Atrial fibrillation 65 (1%)
 Rheumatoid arthritis 58 (1%)
 Stroke 58 (1%)
 Emphysema/chronic bronchitis 56 (1%)
 Hyperthyroidism/thyrotoxicosis 44 (1%)
 Heart valve problem/heart murmur 42 (1%)
 Transient ischaemic attack (TIA) 39 (1%)
 Chronic obstructive airways disease/COPD 39 (1%)
 Pulmonary embolism +/− DVT 38 (1%)
 Iron deficiency anaemia 33 (1%)
 Ulcerative colitis 31 (1%)
 Heart arrhythmia 31 (1%)
 Heart/cardiac problem 31 (1%)
 Sleep apnoea 28 (1%)
 Polymyalgia rheumatica 28 (1%)
 Miscarriage 22 (0%)
 Irregular heart beat 21 (0%)
 Gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia 20 (0%)
 Doctor diagnosed bronchiectasis_Yes 18 (0%)
 Anaemia 18 (0%)
 Ankylosing spondylitis 18 (0%)
 Rheumatic fever 16 (0%)
 Sarcoidosis 15 (0%)
 Peripheral vascular disease 14 (0%)
 Bronchiectasis 14 (0%)
 Diabetic eye disease 14 (0%)
 Crohns disease 13 (0%)
 Pernicious anaemia 11 (0%)
 Gestational diabetes only_Yes 9 (0%)
 Clotting disorder/excessive bleeding 9 (0%)
 SVT / supraventricular tachycardia 9 (0%)
 Other respiratory problems 8 (0%)
 Sjogren’s syndrome/sicca syndrome 8 (0%)
 Systemic lupus erythematosis/SLE 8 (0%)
 Renal/kidney failure 8 (0%)
 Low platelets/platelet disorder 7 (0%)
 Type 1 diabetes 7 (0%)
 Grave’s disease 6 (0%)
 Heart failure/pulmonary edema 6 (0%)
 Gestational diabetes 5 (0%)
 Hereditary/genetic haematological disorder 5 (0%)
 Cardiomyopathy 5 (0%)
 Hyperparathyroidism 5 (0%)
 Nephritis 5 (0%)
 Haemochromatosis 5 (0%)
 Connective tissue disorder 4 (0%)
 Renal failure not requiring dialysis 4 (0%)
 Polycythaemia vera 4 (0%)
 Neutropenia/lymphopenia 4 (0%)
 Anorexia/bulimia/other eating disorder 4 (0%)
 Surgery/amputation of toe or leg_Do not know 4 (0%)
 Lymphoedema 4 (0%)
 Aortic stenosis 4 (0%)
 Retinal artery/vein occlusion 4 (0%)
 Inflammatory bowel disease 3 (0%)
 Adrenocortical insufficiency/Addison’s disease 3 (0%)
 Hyperprolactinaemia 3 (0%)
 Surgery/amputation of toe or leg_Yes, toes 3 (0%)
 Atrial flutter 3 (0%)
 Mitral regurgitation/incompetence 3 (0%)
 Pericarditis 3 (0%)
 Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM / HOCM) 3 (0%)
 Emphysema 3 (0%)
 Kidney nephropathy 3 (0%)
 Myocarditis 2 (0%)
 Liver failure/cirrhosis 2 (0%)
 Diabetic neuropathy/ulcers 2 (0%)
 Leg claudication/intermittent claudication 2 (0%)
 Mitral valve disease 2 (0%)
 Mitral valve prolapse 2 (0%)
 Monoclonal gammopathy/not myeloma 2 (0%)
 Glomerulnephritis 1 (0%)
 Haemophilia 1 (0%)
 Vasculitis 1 (0%)
 Wegners granulmatosis 1 (0%)
 Sickle cell disease 1 (0%)
 Microscopic polyarteritis 1 (0%)
 Myositis/myopathy 1 (0%)
 Pericardial problem 1 (0%)
 Pleural plaques (not known asbestosis) 1 (0%)
 Hyperaldosteronism/Conn’s syndrome 1 (0%)
 Polymyositis 1 (0%)
 Hypopituitarism 1 (0%)
 Interstitial lung disease 1 (0%)
 Alcoholic liver disease/alcoholic cirrhosis 1 (0%)
 Antiphospholipid syndrome 1 (0%)
 Aortic aneurysm 1 (0%)
 Aortic regurgitation/incompetence 1 (0%)
 Aplastic anaemia 1 (0%)
 Diabetes insipidus 1 (0%)
 Fibrosing alveolitis/unspecified alveolitis 1 (0%)
 Giant cell/temporal arteritis 1 (0%)
 Iga nephropathy 1 (0%)
 Myeloproliferative disorder 1 (0%)
 Pericardial effusion 1 (0%)
 Pleural effusion 1 (0%)
 Respiratory failure 1 (0%)
 Sick sinus syndrome 1 (0%)
 Wolff parkinson white/WPW syndrome 1 (0%)
 Surgery/amputation of toe or leg_Yes, leg above the knee 1 (0%)
 Surgery/amputation of toe or leg_Yes, leg below the knee 1 (0%)
Medications
 Cholesterol lowering medication 784 (16%)
 Blood pressure medication 705 (14%)
 Hormone replacement therapy 331 (7%)
 Insulin 15 (0%)
Symptoms
 Chest pain due to walking ceases when standing still_Yes 264 (5%)
 Chest pain or discomfort when walking uphill or hurrying_Yes 229 (5%)
 Chest pain or discomfort when walking uphill or hurrying_Unable to walk up hills or to hurry 20 (0%)
 Chest pain due to walking ceases when standing still_Do not know 17 (0%)
 Chest pain or discomfort when walking uphill or hurrying_Prefer not to answer 2 (0%)
 Shortness of breath walking on level ground_Yes 386 (8%)
 Shortness of breath walking on level ground_Do not know 76 (2%)
 Shortness of breath walking on level ground_Prefer not to answer 5 (0%)
Smoking history
 Ex-smoker 1896 (38%)
 Current smoker 355 (7%)
High body mass index
 BMI ≥ 30 1158 (23%)
Ethnicity
 Other ethnic group 30 (1%)
 Indian 29 (1%)
 Pakistani 19 (0%)
 Caribbean 19 (0%)
 Chinese 17 (0%)
 Prefer not to answer 17 (0%)
 African 16 (0%)
 Any other mixed background 15 (0%)
 Any other Asian background 12 (0%)
 White and Black Caribbean 8 (0%)
 White and Asian 7 (0%)
 White and Black African 5 (0%)
 Bangladeshi 2 (0%)
 Do not know 2 (0%)
 Any other Black background 1 (0%)
 Asian or Asian British 1 (0%)
  1. N.B. Criteria listed are not mutually exclusive