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Table 5 Atrial reference range for Caucausian women

From: Reference ranges for cardiac structure and function using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in Caucasians from the UK Biobank population cohort

  1. Abnormal low and high refer to the lower and upper reference limits, respectively. They are defined as measurements which lie outside the 95% prediction interval at all age groups
  2. aBorderline zone values should be looked up in the age-specific tables. The borderline zone was defined as the upper and lower ranges where the measured value lay outside the 95% prediction interval for at least one age group
  3. LA left atrium, RA right atrium, SV stroke volume, EF ejection fraction, 2Ch two-chamber, 4Ch four-chamber, Biplane derived from four-chamber and two-chamber views; indexed, absolute values divided by body surface area