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Table 2 Ascending aortic flow pattern parameters by aortic valve replacement subgroup

From: Differential flow improvements after valve replacements in bicuspid aortic valve disease: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance assessment

  Healthy Subjects BAV- native AVR-mechanical AVR-tissue Ross  
Total number (male) 30 (23) 30 (23) 11 (10) 10 (9) 9 (8)  
Time after operation in months (range)    6 (3–14) 9 (1–37) 126 (1–268)  
Indication for AVR:
Aortic stenosis    4 7 8  
Aortic regurgitation    5 1 1  
Both    2 2   
Fusion pattern pre-AVR:
RL-BAV    7 5 Data  
 RN-BAV    2 5 unavailable  
 Others    2    
Flow pattern post-AVR:
Normal flow 30 5 (17%) 8 (73%) 0 6 (67%)  
Right-handed flow   21 (70%) 2 (18%) 8 (80%) 2 (22%)  
Left-handed flow   1 (3%) 1 (9%) 1 (10%) 1 (11%)  
Complex flow   3 (10%) 0 1 (10%)   
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation except where indicated; BAV = bicuspid aortic valve; AVR = aortic valve replacement; RL-BAV = right-left coronary cusp fusion pattern bicuspid aortic valve, RN-BAV = right-non-coronary cusp fusion pattern bicuspid aortic valve