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Table 3 Comparison of the CMR and histological parameters between the healthy controls and patients based on segments

From: Association between myocardial extracellular volume and strain analysis through cardiovascular magnetic resonance with histological myocardial fibrosis in patients awaiting heart transplantation

Variables Healthy subjects All segments Segments without LGE P value
DCM (n) 240 181 117  
Native T1 time (ms) 1003 ± 30 1081 ± 89* 1054 ± 55* <  0.001
ECV (%) 24.3 ± 2.4 34.6 ± 7.3* 31.4 ± 4.0* <  0.001
CVF (%) 14.0 ± 6.5 11.2 ± 3.9# 0.001
T2 mapping (ms) 45 ± 3 50 ± 6* 48 ± 4* <  0.001
ICM (n) 240 148 80  
Native T1 time (ms) 1003 ± 30 1070 ± 93* 1076 ± 75* <  0.001
ECV (%) 24.3 ± 2.4 37.4 ± 12.4* 30.2 ± 5.1*# < 0.001
CVF (%) 16.8 ± 10.3 11.4 ± 4.4# < 0.001
T2 mapping (ms) 45 ± 3 47 ± 5* 47 ± 4* <  0.001
  1. Values are expressed as the mean ± SD
  2. *p < 0.001 vs. controls; #p < 0.05 vs. all segments group
  3. DCM Dilated cardiomyopathy, ICM Ischaemic cardiomyopathy, CMR Cardiovascular magnetic resonance, LGE Late gadolinium enhancement, ECV Extracellular volume, CVF Collagen volume fraction