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Table 1 Demographics and aortic dimensions in controls and bicuspid aortic valve patients

From: Aortic flow patterns and wall shear stress maps by 4D-flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance in the assessment of aortic dilatation in bicuspid aortic valve disease

  Healthy Controls RL-BAV RN-BAV p-value
N 20 78 23  
Age (years) 50.04 ± 16.39 48.43 ± 13.15 46.97 ± 16.00 0.659
Men (%) 73.30 62.80 65.20 0.736
Weight (kg) 78.57 ± 9.24 76.17 ± 10.38 76.17 ± 10.38 0.270
Height (cm) 169.42 ± 7.73 170.00 ± 10.66 172.00 ± 9.91 0.433
Body Surface Area (m2) 1.89 ± 0.13 1.83 ± 0.21 1.88 ± 0.16 0.278
Degree of Aortic Regurgitation (%)     0.240
 0 26.8 35.3  
 1 21.1 5.9  
 2 49.3 47.0  
 3 2.8 11.8  
Degree of Aortic Stenosis (%)     0.695
 Absent 92.9 90  
 Mild 5.7 10  
 Moderate 1.4 0  
Maximum aortic velocity (m/s) 97.34 ± 19.0 111.15 ± 24.35 119.32 ± 21.22 0.067
Mean pressure gradient (mm Hg) 3.24 ± 1.21 4.9 ± 1.13 5.69 ± 1.71 0.074
Systolic Arterial Pressure (mm Hg) 136.26 ± 19.47 134.18 ± 17.32 142 ± 17.76 0.064
Diastolic Arterial Pressure (mm Hg) 76.73 ± 8.85 75.72 ± 9.06 79.69 ± 9.11 0.133
Sinus of Valsalva Diameter (mm) 32.77 ± 3.44 36.68 ± 5.10 34.78 ± 2.69 0.796
Ascending Aorta Diameter (mm) 35.58 ± 2.96 39.86 ± 7 .51 40.30 ± 6.10 0.070
z-score sinus of Valsalva diameter 0.01 ± 0.84 1.41 ± 1.29 0.82 ± 1.11 0.001
z-score ascending aorta diameter 0.02 ± 0.71 2.87 ± 1.71 3.03 ± 1.4 < 0.001
  1. P-values reported are the result of ANOVA comparison between 3 groups: controls, RL-BAV and RN-BAV in continuous variables and Chi-square test for categorical variables