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Table 1 Demographics and cardiovascular risk factors of study participants

From: Age-related changes of right atrial morphology and inflow pattern assessed using 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance: results of a population-based study

Characteristics of patients Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 p-value
(20–39 years) (40–59 years) (60–80 years)
n = 43 n = 44 n = 39
Age, years ± SD 30.1 ± 5.4 50.4 ± 5.5 68.9 ± 5.2 < 0.001*
Female, n (%) 19 (44.2) 24 (54.6) 21 (53.9) 0.564
Hypertension, n (%) 1 (2.3) 7 (16.3) 13 (33.3) < 0.001*
Hypercholesterolemia, n (%) 1 (2.3) 9 (20.5) 11 (28.2) 0.005*
Diabetes, n (%) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.3) 1 (2.6) 0.587
Smoker, n (%) 11 (25.6) 6 (13.6) 5 (12.8) 0.223
Body mass index, 1 ± SD 24.0 ± 4.0 26.0 ± 4.4 24.31 ± 3.8 0.051
Prior stroke, n (%) 0 (0.0) 2 (4.6) 0 (0.0) 0.151
Coronary arterydisease, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (5.1) 0.104
Peripheral arterial disease, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Mean systolic blood pressure,  mmHg ± SD 120.6 ± 11.1 126 ± 15.7 133.8 ± 19.2 < 0.001*
Mean diastolic blood pressure, mmHg ± SD 76.5 ± 7.0 81.9 ± 8.3 81.1 ± 11.4 0.014*
Heart rate, bpm ± SD 67.2 ± 7.9 65.6 ± 7.7 66.1 ± 9.1 0.655
  1. Values are given as absolute values (percentage) or ± SD = standard deviation, bpm beats per minute; *Significant