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Table 2 Results from transthoracic echocardiography of study participants

From: Age-related changes of right atrial morphology and inflow pattern assessed using 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance: results of a population-based study

Characteristics of patients Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 p-value
(20–39 years) (40–59 years) (60–80 years)
n = 43 n = 44 n = 39
Ejection fraction, % ± SD 56.6 ± 20.7 57.6 ± 19.2 53.6 ± 22.5 0.669
IVC collapse not complete, n (%) 1 (2.3) 1 (2.3) 0 (0.0) 0.595
PR grade I or II, n (%) 3 (7.1) 1 (2.3) 1 (2.6) 0.246
PR grade III or IV, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) n/a
TR grade I or II, n (%) 6 (13.9) 4 (9.1) 13 (33.3) 0.019*
TR grade III or IV, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) n/a
TAPSE, cm ± SD 22.9 ± 4.1 22.6 ± 3.3 23.1 ± 3.7 0.821
TVS’, cm/s ± SD 15.5 ± 2.9 15.53 ± 1.8 15.8 ± 1.8 0.847
dPmax MV, mmHg ± SD 3.5 ± 1.8 3.5 ± 1.3 3.6 ± 1.4 0.864
dPmax RVRA, mmHg ± SD 15.8 ± 2.4 18.2 ± 4.8 22.1 ± 5.7 < 0.001*
  1. EF ejection fraction, IVC inferior vena cava, PR pulmonary egurgitation, TR tricuspid regurgitation, TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, TVS’ tissue Doppler derived right ventricular systolic excursion velocity, dPmax MV maximum pressure gradient at the level of the mitral valve in diastole, dPmax RVRA maximum pressure at the level of the right ventricle/right atrium; *Significant