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Table 4 Association of left ventricular torsion with HOMA-IR (n = 1266)*

From: Diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance associate with left ventricular shape and torsion by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in asymptomatic individuals from the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis


Multivariable spline liner regression

Depend variable

Log HOMA-IR < 1.5 mg/dl

Log HOMA-IR > 1.5 mg/dl


Torsion, °/cm

Model 1

0.16 (0.07)†

−0.51 (.40)


Model 2

0.16 (0.08)†

−0.50 (0.40)


  1. Coefficients (standard error) represents the change in torsion corresponds to 1 unite increase in log-HOMA-IR
  2. Model1 included age, gender, race and height
  3. Model 2 included age, gender, race, height, obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), smoking status (non, former, and current), heart rate, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, use of medication for hypertension and dyslipidemia, estimated glomerular filtration rate, walking in METs per week, and alcoholic status (non-drinker, former, or current) as in Table 3
  4. *Participants with diabetes mellitus were excluded as in Table 3
  5. P < 0.05