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Table 3 Comparison between Ebstein anomaly patient groups with and without LGE

From: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance evidence of myocardial fibrosis and its clinical significance in adolescent and adult patients with Ebstein’s anomaly

  LGE positive (N = 10) LGE negative (N = 34) P
Age, yrs 40.4 ± 16.1 31.6 ± 15.8 0.131
Male (n, %) 6 (60) 12 (35.3) 0.273
Heart rate, bpm 78.1 ± 7.8 84.7 ± 13.4 0.147
BMI, kg/m2 22.8 ± 4.8 21.4 ± 4.8 0.428
NYHA classification 2.3 ± 0.5 1.8 ± 0.5 0.011
SO2 at rest, % 95.1 ± 2.6 97.1 ± 2.5 0.042
Severe TR (n, %) 8 (80.0) 24 (70.6) 0.557
ASD/PFO (n, %) 7 (70.0) 22 (64.7) 1.000
W-P-W (n, %) 1 (10.0) 5 (14.7) 0.950
QRS width, ms 114.2 ± 19.0 113.5 ± 15.2 0.910
LV EDV index, ml/m2 62.5 [12.6] 71.1 [21.2] 0.233
LV ESV index, ml/m2 30.6 [5.6] 33.7 [15.3] 0.537
LV EF, % 49.2 ± 10.5 53.7 ± 6.7 0.106
fRV EDV index, ml/m2 194.5 [87.7] 127.4 [57.4] 0.007
fRV ESV index, ml/m2 123.6 [64.4] 67.4 [28.7] < 0.001
fRV EF, % 40.1 ± 12.7 45.0 ± 11.1 0.251
aRV EDV index, ml/m2 107.6 ± 76.16 62.4 ± 35.9 0.011
Total R/L-Volume-Index 6.9 ± 3.4 3.5 ± 1.7 0.011
SI 1.1 ± 0.4 0.9 ± 0.4 0.195
  1. Abbreviations: LGE late gadolinium enhancement; BMI body mass index; NYHA New York Heart Association; TR tricuspid regurgitation; ASD atrial septal defect; PFO patent foramen ovale; W-P-W Wolff-Parkinson-White; LV left ventricle; EDV end diastolic volume; ESV end systolic volume; EF ejection fraction; fRV functional right ventricle; aRV atrialized right ventricle; Total R/L-Volume-Index, total right/left volume index; SI severity index