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Table 3 Aortic distensibility [mmHg−1], area (mm2) and area/BSA (mm2/(kg/m2)) at each of the three aortic positions in adult women with TS

From: Impaired aortic distensibility and elevated central blood pressure in Turner Syndrome: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

  Turner Syndrome (n = 57) Controls (n = 36)  
Distensibility 0.042 a
 Ascending 3.27 [2.83–3.77]*10−3 3.74 [3.17–4.41]*10− 3 0.2
 Arch 3.45 [3.04–3.92]*10− 3 3.39 [2.93–3.93]*10− 3 0.9
 Descending 3.32 [3.01–3.66]*10− 3 4.13 [3.71–4.60]*10− 3 0.02
  TS with aortic coarctation (n = 8) TS without aortic coarctation (n = 49)  
Distensibility 0.2a
 Ascending 2.09 [1.34–3.26]*10−3 3.51 [3.03–4.07]*10− 3 0.003
 Arch 2.88 [1.92–4.33]*10− 3 3.56 [3.10–4.08]*10− 3 0.2
 Descending 2.25 [1.85–2.74]*10− 3 3.54 [3.20–3.91]*10− 3 0.01
  TS without aortic coarc. (n = 49) Controls (n = 36)  
Distensibility 0.05 a
 Ascending 3.51 [3.03–4.07]*10−3 3.74 [3.17–4.41]*10− 3 0.5
 Arch 3.56 [3.10–4.08]*10− 3 3.39 [2.93–3.93]*10− 3 0.6
 Descending 3.54 [3.20–3.91]*10− 3 4.13 [3.71–4.60]*10− 3 0.1
Area TS (n = 60) Control (n = 37)  
 Ascending 758.5 [373.5–1499.9] 774.0 [505.4–1220.6] 0.3
 Arch 439.3 [272.2–864.1] 497.4 [253.2–717.9] <0.001
 Descending 389.8 [211.2–881.2] 410.4 [226.7–711.4] 0.4
Area/BSA TS (n = 60) Control (n = 37)  
 Ascending 490.8 [256.9–947.6] 434.5 [277.1–624.1] 0.3
 Arch 279.3 [172.1–459.2] 278.4 [176.1–388.7] 0.7
 Descending 252.3 [151.8–622.7] 230.4 [153.0–356.9] 0.5
  1. First part of the table depicts comparison between all TS and controls. The two middle parts of the table depicts comparison between TS with and without aortic coarctation, and comparison between TS without coarctation and controls. P-value for interaction overall (group and aortic positiona) as well as comparison between TS and controls at each position are listed. Lower part of the table depicts mean aortic area and mean aortic area corrected for BSA at the three aortic positions