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Table 2 Patient characteristics

From: Microvasculature and intraplaque hemorrhage in atherosclerotic carotid lesions: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging study

Subjects [n] (%) Total N = 132 (100) IPH present N = 54 (40.6) IPH absent N = 79 (59.4) p-value
Age [y] 69.5 ± 8.6 69.4 ± 8.8 69.6 ± 8.5 0.918
Male sex [n] (%) 69.2% 45 (83.3) 47 (59.5) 0.004
Body mass index [kg/m2] 26.7 ± 3.8 26.3 ± 3.0 27.0 ± 4.3 0.296
Currently smoking* [n] (%) 21.1% 8 (14.8) 20 (25.6) 0.015
Diabetes mellitus [n] (%) 18.0% 10 (18.5) 14 (17.7) 1.000
Hypertension [n] (%) 65.4% 43 (79.6) 44 (55.7) 0.005
Hypercholesterolemiaa [n] (%) 51.9% 32 (60.4) 37 (47.4) 0.158
Normalized wall index 0.32 ± 0.23 0.43 ± 0.18 0.24 ± 0.23 < 0.001
Statin use before most recent cerebrovascular event* [n] (%) 58.6% 35 (66) 43 (54.4) 0.209
Time between event and MRI [days] (range) 28 (2–215) 22.5 (2–215) 34 (3–122) 0.676
Degree of stenosis
 mild (0–29%) 0.8% 0 1 (1.3) 0.056
 moderate (30–69%) 66.2% 30 (55.6) 58 (73.4)
 severe (> 70%) 31.6% 22 (40.7) 20 (25.3)
 occlusion 1.5% 2 (3.7) 0
Vessel wall K trans (/min) 0.055 ± 0.015 0.051 ± 0.011 0.058 ± 0.017 0.001
Adventitia K trans (/min) 0.057 ± 0.018 0.057 ± 0.017 0.057 ± 0.018 0.980
  1. *Data known for 131 out of 132 patients. a Data known for 130 out of 132 patients
  2. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or n (%)
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