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Fig. 5 | Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Fig. 5

From: Sorted Golden-step phase encoding: an improved Golden-step imaging technique for cardiac and respiratory self-gated cine cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging

Fig. 5

Comparison of the golden step and sorted golden step acquisitions in artifact-prone slices. In some slices of some subjects, the main field inhomogeneity and blood flow are significant enough to compound with the eddy current induced by the original golden step’s large phase-encode jumps, forming the dark flow artifact of bSSFP (Row 1). However, the same slice can be imaged virtually free of the artifact using the sorted GS (Row 2, using 12 readouts/segment). The sorted golden step (sGS) has dramatically reduced, if not entirely eliminated, the artifact in all problematic slices encountered in this study. Four such slices from three subjects are shown here

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