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Table 2 Distribution of diagnoses by type of effusion

From: The dynamics of extracellular gadolinium-based contrast agent excretion into pleural and pericardial effusions quantified by T1 mapping cardiovascular magnetic resonance

DiagnosisPericardial
n (%)
Pleural
n (%)
Otherwise normal3(4)2(4)
IHD21(30)18(33)
Dilated LV14(20)8(15)
LVH2(3)1(2)
Dilated LV + LVH2(3)1(2)
Myocarditis5(7)4(7)
Tumor2(3)0 
Reduced LVEF3(4)3(6)
Takotsubo4(6)6(11)
Pericarditis3(4)3(6)
Sarcoidosis2(3)0 
Amyloidosis2(3)3(6)
Other6(9)5(9)
Total69(100)54(100)
  1. IHD Ischemic heart disease, dilated LV Dilated left ventricle, reduced LVEF Reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, without ischemic heart disease or myocarditis, LVH Left ventricular hypertrophy; other, other diagnosis, such as non-compaction, vasculitis, postpartum cardiomyopathy, or indeterminate diagnosis