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Table 1 Characteristics and CMR findings of PPCM patients and healthy volunteers

From: Left ventricular function recovery in peripartum cardiomyopathy: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study by myocardial T1 and T2 mapping

 PPCM (n = 21)Normal (n = 20)P values
Age, years28.4 ± 5.931.3 ± 8.30.207
Female, n (%)21 (100)20 (100)NA
BMI (kg/m2)22.1 ± 4.021.3 ± 3.20.522
SBP (mmHg)103.1 ± 9.2121.1 ± 6.3< 0.001
DBP (mmHg)68.1 ± 10.571.5 ± 8.50.269
HR (beat/min)86.3 ± 16.577.3 ± 10.10.042
NYHA class  NA
 II/III/ IV, n3/11/7 
Lab
 HCT (%)40.4 ± 4.341.8 ± 3.10.262
 NT-proBNP (pg/ml)2189.0 [904.0,3435.0]NA
 TnT (ng/L)10.3 [4.7,16.1]NA
CMR findings
 LVEDVI (ml/m2)154.7 ± 31.674.5 ± 12.4< 0.001
 LVEF (%)26.8 ± 10.661.2 ± 3.3< 0.001
 LVMI (g/m2)73.6 ± 16.440.8 ± 6.1< 0.001
 RVEDVI (ml/m2)120.7 ± 41.070.1 ± 18.1< 0.001
 RVEF (%)33.9 ± 14.656.4 ± 5.9< 0.001
 LGE, n (%)8 (38.1%)0NA
 ECV (%)33.9 ± 5.227.1 ± 3.1< 0.001
 Native T1 (ms)1345 ± 791212 ± 32< 0.001
 Post T1 (ms)451 ± 69483 ± 490.090
 T2 (ms)42.3 ± 3.736.8 ± 2.3< 0.001
  1. Female, NYHA class and LGE were described as frequency. NT-proBNP and TnT were described with medians and quartiles, while other data were presented as mean and standard deviations
  2. Abbreviations: CMR cardiovascular magnetic resonance, PPCM peripartum cardiomyopathy, BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HR heart rate, NYHA New York Heart Association, HCT hematocrit, NT-proBNP N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, TnT troponin T, LVEDVI left ventricular end diastolic volume index, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, LVMI left ventricular mass index, RVEDVI right ventricular end diastolic volume index, RVEF right ventricular ejection fraction, LGE late gadolinium enhancement, ECV extracellular volume, NA not applicable