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Table 1 Patient characteristics and aortic diameters before and after aortic valve repair

From: 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance for monitoring of aortic valve repair in bicuspid aortic valve disease

CharacteristicAll patients n = 20BAV (type L/R) n = 15UAV n = 5
Age at time of operation (y) median35 (IQR 29-47)42 (IQR 30-47)30 (IQR 24-45)
Gender, male16133
Days between imaging median9 (IQR 6-38)7 (IQR 6-42)13 (IQR 6-66)
Procedures
 Isolated aortic valve repair17134
 Aortic root replacement (Yacoub)321
 pre OPpost OPPvaluepre OPpost OPPvaluepre OPpost OPPvalue
Heart rate (bpm)77.8 ± 9.488.0 ± 14.40.02179.0 ± 9.487.3 ± 12.1ns74.0 ± 9.390.2 ± 21.4ns
LV parameters
 EDV (ml)208.6 ± 71.9149.1 ± 48.0<0.001223.1 ± 61.4153.5 ± 36.9<0.001170.8 ± 81.9157.0 ± 70.7ns
 ESV (ml)86.3 ± 45.864.7 ± 28.2<0.001100.0 ± 39.668.1 ± 24.9<0.00156.8 ± 39.352.5 ± 39.5ns
 SV (ml)119.6 ± 34.089.9 ± 27.9<0.001124.1 ± 32.988.4 ± 26.3<0.00198.3 ± 38.493.0 ± 36.4ns
 EF (%)57.8 ± 7.858.7 ± 7.2ns56.3 ± 7.757.5 ± 7.2ns63.3 ± 6.661.4 ± 6.2ns
Dimensions (mm)
 Anulus26.3 ± 3.723.3 ± 2.4<0.00128.9 ± 3.623.4 ± 2.0<0.00124.8 ± 3.823.0 ± 3.40.009
 Bulbus aortae37.6 ± 5.535.2 ± 4.10.03138.1 ± 6.035.0 ± 4.2ns36.0 ± 4.235.8 ± 4.1ns
 Mid-ascending aorta33.1 ± 6.430.6 ± 4.10.03333.4 ± 5.631.5 ± 4.20.02332.2 ± 9.427.8 ± 2.4ns
 Proximal aortic arch26.9 ± 4.026.2 ± 3.5ns27.5 ± 4.326.5 ± 3.7ns25.2 ± 2.825.0 ± 2.7ns
 Distal aortic arch22.2 ± 2.722.1 ± 2.6ns22.8 ± 2.422.7 ± 2.4ns20.4 ± 2.820.4 ± 2.9ns
 Descending aorta23.5 ± 4.023.2 ± 3.9ns24.0 ± 3.423.6 ± 3.4ns22.0 ± 5.622.0 ± 5.6ns