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Table 1 Summary of papers included in the meta-analysis

From: Evaluation of aortic stenosis using cardiovascular magnetic resonance: a systematic review & meta-analysis

  Pathology AVA (cm2) Reliability (CMR)
Author Year n Males Age (yrs) AS AR Mixed CMR TTE TEE Inter Intra
Barone-Rochette HG/NF 2013 69 43 75 ± 10 69    1.0 ± 0.02 0.71 ± 0.13    
Barone-Rochette HG/LF 2013 28 16 72 ± 14 28    0.9 ± 0.1 0.54 ± 0.12    
Barone-Rochette LG/NF 2013 17 8 72 ± 9 17    1.2 ± 0.2 0.84 ± 0.09    
Barone-Rochette LG/LF 2013 14 8 72 ± 6 14    1.0 ± 0.2 0.81 ± 0.15    
Buchner 2015 8 1   8    0.75 ± 0.09 0.69 ± 0.07 0.79 ± 0.15 6% 3%
Debl 2005 33       0.94 ± 0.29 0.85 ± 0.31    
Defrance 2012 74 33 75 ± 14 43    1.00 (0.80–2.30) 0.93 (0.68–2.42)   1.80 ± 2.27%  
Dimitriou 2012 14    14    1.0 ± 0.4 1.0 ± 0.2    
Friedrich 2001 25   64 ± 8 15   10 0.86 ± 0.25 0.79 ± 0.2   15.20% 17.80%
Garcia 2013 68 39 64 ± 15 60    1.4 ± 0.41 1.19 ± 0.28     
John 2003 40 25 70 ± 8.8 40    0.91 ± 0.25   0.89 ± 0.28 0.07 ± 0.06 0.05 ± 0.04
Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff 2009 65    2 1   1.71 ± 0.46 1.7 ± 0.4 1.82 ± 0.53 11.5 ± 7.8% 6.7 ± 5.4%
Kupfahl 2003 44 27   44    0.8 ± 0.25 0.7 ± 0.3 0.8 ± 0.28 0.03 ± 0.05 − 0.02 ± 0.06
Levy 2016 91 60 74 ± 10 91    0.9 ± 0.22 0.81 ± 0.18    0.83 [0.42–0.95] 0.82 [0.39–0.95]
Malyar 2008 42 17 71 ± 8 20   22 0.97 ± 0.3a 0.75 ± 0.28b 0.87 ± 0.25c   
Mutnuru 2016 50    10 9 8 1.12 ± 0.25 1.10 ± 0.21     
O’Brien 2009 15    15    0.85 ± 0.3   0.85 ± 0.24   
Paelinck 2011 24 8 83.5 (67–88) 24    0.60 (0.3–0.8) 0.54 (0.32–0.83) 0.6 (0.37–0.8)   
Pontone 2013 50 27 79.6 ± 7.5 50    0.4 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.1     
Pouleur 2007 48 33 62 ± 13 27    2.4 ± 1.8 2.0 ± 1.5 2.5 ± 1.7 0.1 ± 0.3 0.0 ± 0.3
Reant 2006 39 25 71.1 ± 7.6 13   26 0.92 ± 0.29 0.75 ± 0.28 0.93 ± 0.31 0.03 ± 0.14 cm2 0.02 ± 0.07 cm2
Speiser 2014 48 30 64 ± 18 23    1.9 ± 1.1 1.7 ± 0.8   0.027 ± 0.13 cm2 (0.53%) 0.027 ± 0.06 cm2 (0.69%)
Weininger 2011 22 13   22    0.65 ± 0.34   0.78 ± 0.15 0.01 ± 0.03 0.01 ± 0.02
Westermann 2011 27 16 61.8 ± 8.3 18 1   1.04 ± 0.39d 0.88 ± 0.22   4.3 ± 2.6% 2.9 ± 1.0%
  1. AR Aortic regurgitation, AS Aortic stenosis, CMR Cardiovascular magnetic resonance, HG/NF High-gradient/normal-flow, HG/LF High-gradient/low-flow, LG/NF Low-gradient/normal-flow, LG/LF Low-gradient/low-flow, TEE Transesophageal echocardiography, TTE Transthoracic echocardiography
  2. aonly completed in 26 patients
  3. bonly completed in 41 patients
  4. conly completed in 38 patients
  5. donly for patients with AS