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Table 1 Demographics and clinical data of the studies participants

From: 4D flow CMR analysis comparing patients with anatomically shaped aortic sinus prostheses, tube prostheses and healthy subjects introducing the wall shear stress gradient: a case control study

  Pat SP Pat TP VOL p p
Mean ± SD range Mean ± SD range Mean ± SD range all SP vs. TP Vol vs. SP Vol vs. TP
Age [years] 55 ± 15 (26–73) 61 ± 13 (53–72) 55 ± 6 (47–69) 0.03 0.04 0.42 0.04
Weight [kg] 89 ± 9 (76–100) 83 ± 15 (78–92) 69 ± 13 (53–92) 0.53 0.81 < 0.01 0.10
Gender ratio [male:female] 11:1 8:1 2:10     
Height [cm] 183 ± 10 (160–200) 178 ± 6 (174–182) 171 ± 7 (161–183) 0.10 0.33 < 0.01 0.08
BMI [kg/m2] 27 ± 4 (21–32) 25 ± 6 (23–28) 24 ± 3 (20–30) 0.44 0.98 0.30 0.38
Blood pressure [mmHg] 147 ± 21/81 ± 9 115–180/60–95 135 ± 12/85 ± 7 (125–146/80–89) 127 ± 19/80 ± 10 110–160/70–100) 0.04/0.08 0.24/0.27 0.03/0.50 0.02/0.03
Aortic valve, [tri−/bicuspid] 9/3 8/0 12/0     
Heart rate [bpm] 68 ± 11 (52–87) 61 ± 6 (56–63) 63 ± 9 (49–76) 0.22 0.50 0.88 0.02
Ejection fraction [%] 58 ± 7 (43–66) 51 ± 12 (49–58) 65 ± 3 (61–69) 0.14 0.85 0.02 0.08
  1. Significant differences are marked in bold type. SP Sinus prosthesis, TP tube prosthesis, BMI body mass index, bpm beats per minute