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Table 3 Clinical, athletic training and cardiovascular magnetic resonance parameters in male and female athletes with and without late gadolinium enhancement

From: Prevalence and pattern of cardiovascular magnetic resonance late gadolinium enhancement in highly trained endurance athletes

  LGE+ Athletes
(n = 49)
LGE Athletes
(n = 44)
p-value
Clinical parameters
 Age, years 36 ± 6 35 ± 6 0.910
 Female, n (%) 19 (39) 25 (57) 0.216
 Weight, kg 68 ± 12 67 ± 11 0.643
 Height, m 1.7 ± 0.9 1.7 ± 0.2 0.865
 BSA, m2 1.8 ± 0.2 1.8 ± 0.1 0.569
 Peak systolic blood pressure, mm Hg 188.5 ± 33.2 182.3 ± 38.1 0.995
 HR, bpm 67.5 ± 11.3 59.9 ± 10.9 0.854
 VO2 max, ml/min/kg 43.3 ± 8.2 44.0 ± 7.8 0.387
Athletic training history
 Active years, n 12 ± 5 12 ± 7 0.607
 Training load per week
(METs/h/min)
8856 ± 2959 7348 ± 2507 0.906
 Endurance training during childhooda, n (%) 10 (20) 16 (36) 0.130
CMR parameters
 LVEF, % 57 ± 5 58 ± 5 0.372
 LV mass indexed, g/m2 60 ± 12 61 ± 10 0.798
 LVEDVI, ml/m2 102 ± 15 105 ± 14 0.381
 LVESVI, ml/m2 43 ± 9 44 ± 8 0.792
 LVSVI, ml/m2 57 ± 8 60 ± 9 0.125
 RVEF, % 52 ± 4 54 ± 6 0.228
 RVEDVI, ml/m2 101 ± 19 102 ± 18 0.717
 RVESVI, ml/m2 48 ± 10 47 ± 11 0.909
 RVSVI, ml/m2 52 ± 9 55 ± 10 0.257
  1. Underlined values signify p < 0.05 by independent. Values are mean SD or n (%)
  2. aTotal number of subjects that performed high intense endurance training during childhood and the corresponding percentage within each group of the study population