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Table 2 Imaging data among COVID-19 + soldiers (soldier cases) compared to soldier controls

From: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance evaluation of soldiers after recovery from symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection: a case–control study of cardiovascular post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (CV PASC)

  Soldier cases
(N = 50)
Soldier healthy controls
(N = 50)
P value
LVEF, median (IQR), % 59.5 (56.9, 63.0) 57.8 (55.7, 61.3) 0.24
LVEDV, mL 178.0 (162.2, 201.4) 188.5 (165.2, 211.6) 0.12
LVEDVI, mL/m2 84.9 (79.8, 94.5) 91.2 (82.6, 103.0) 0.059
LVESV, mL 70.6 (61.2, 85.6) 78.8 (61.9, 89.2) 0.17
LVESVI, mL/m2 34.6 (30.1, 39.4) 39.2 (31.8, 44.6) 0.025
LV mass, g 134.3 (116.1, 146.1) 122.9 (110.4, 139.5) 0.06
LV mass index, g/m2 64.6 (58.4, 69.1) 59.6 (55.6, 65.5) 0.023
RVEF, % 51.0 (48.5, 54.0) 53.2 (50.8, 58.7) 0.012
RVEDV, mL 200.8 (178.0, 224.8) 183.2 (168.9, 237.0) 0.33
RVEDVI, mL/m2 98.0 (86.9, 109.5) 93.8 (80.6, 109.5) 0.35
RVESV, mL 100.5 (85.7, 116.1) 85.3 (70.7, 110.6) 0.10
RVESVI, mL/m2 47.8 (42.6, 55.2) 43.1 (34.6, 51.1) 0.052
T1, median (IQR), ms    
 Mid septum 982.2 (953.6, 991.7) 982.8 (966.0, 998.6)b 0.22
 Mid lateral 970.7 (952.9, 985.1) 964.5 (948.3, 987.0)b 0.42
 Mid global 971.5 (953.4, 985.8) 972.5 (961.7, 987.6)b 0.44
T2 median (IQR), ms    
 Mid septum 45.3 (43.8, 46.7)c 44.8 (43.9, 46.3)d 0.71
 Mid lateral 45.1 (43.7, 45.9)c 45.4 (44.0, 46.7)d 0.72
 Mid global 45.3 (44.3, 46.3)c 45.4 (44.4, 46.3)d 0.69
ECV (global), %    
 Mid septum 23.6 (22.1, 25.2)c 22.7 (21.9, 23.1)e 0.38
 Mid lateral 22.1 (20.5, 22.9)c 20.8 (20.7, 22.4)e 0.58
 Mid global 23.0 (21.3, 24.1)f 22.3 (22.0, 24.3)g 0.97
LGE    
 Any, N (%) 11 (22.5%)h 8 (23.5%)i 0.56
 Inferior RV septal insertion 8 (16%)c 8 (23.5%)i 0.09
 Subepicardial inferolateral 4 (8%)c 0 (0%)i 0.03
Diagnosis    
 Myocarditis 4 (8%) 0 (0%)  
 Takotsubo cardiomyopathy 1 (2%) 0 (0%)  
  1. ECV extracellular volume, LGE late gadolinium enhancement, LV left ventricle, LVEDV left ventricular end-diastolic volume, LVEDVI left ventricular end-diastolic volume index, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, LVESV left ventricular end-systolic volume, LVESVI left ventricular end-systolic volume index, RVEDV right ventricular end-diastolic volume, RVEDVI right ventricular end-diastolic volume index, RVEF right ventricular ejection fraction, RVESV right ventricular end-systolic volume, RVESVI right ventricular end-systolic volume index, n/a not applicable
  2. aN = 11
  3. bN = 48
  4. cN = 47
  5. dN = 13
  6. eN = 5
  7. fN = 46
  8. gN = 4
  9. hN = 49
  10. iN = 34