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Fig. 2 | Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Fig. 2

From: Mitral valve prolapse morphofunctional features by cardiovascular magnetic resonance: more than just a valvular disease

Fig. 2

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) balanced steady state free precession -cine left ventricular outflow tract long-axis view in a patient with posterior mitral valve prolapse. (A and C). End-diastole phase showing measurements of the mitral annulus diameter (ADD), left ventricle end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), posteromedial papillary muscle length (PMLD), chord length from papillary muscle to the tip of the leaflet (CLD), distance from PM insertion point to the anterior and posterior mitral annulus (PMAAD and PMPAD), basal and mid inferolateral wall thickness (BWTD and MWTD), anterior and posterior leaflet thickness (AT and PT). (BD) End-systole phase showing measurements of the mitral annulus diameter (ADS), maximum MVP (circle), left ventricle end-systolic diameter (LVESD), basal and mid inferolateral wall thickness (BWTS and MWTS), posteromedial papillary muscle length (PMLS), mitral annular disjunction (star), distance from PML insertion point to the anterior mitral annulus and to the posterior mitral annulus (PMAAS and PMPAS). Finally, end-diastole (E) and end-systole (F) phase showing the mitral annulus diameter (dotted line), and distance from the anterior (AARP) and posterior (PARP) mitral annulus to the external reference point (red dot indicates the muscle-fat interface in the chest wall)

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