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Table 6 Comparison between studies with CMR-derived normal reference values

From: Normal sex and age-specific parameters in a multi-ethnic population: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study of the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds cohort

Study (Author, Journal Year) Sample Size (n =) Age (years) Ethnicity % Female representation (male:female) Contouring Method Mean LVEDV indexed to BSA (ml/m2) Mean LVEF (%)
Current study, Luu et al. 2021 3206 35–75 Multi-ethnic 65% (1126:2080) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV mass Female: 66
Male: 74
Female: 65
Male: 62
Petersen et al. JCMR 2017 800 45–74 All Caucasians 54% (368:432) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV volume Female: 74
Male: 85
Female: 61
Male: 58
Lei et al., JMRI 2017 120 23–83 All Han Chinese 50% (60:60) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV volume Female: 68.7
Male: 76.5
Female: 67.1
Male: 64.6
Le et al., JCMR 2016 180 20–69 All Singaporean Chinese 49% (91:89) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV mass Female: 71
Male: 79
Female: 62
Male: 58
Yeon et al., JMRI 2015 852 38–88a Most Caucasians 60% (512:340) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV volume Female: 62
Male: 71
Female: 60.6
Male: 58.6
Natori et al., AJR 2006 800 45–84 Multi-ethnic 50% (400:400) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV volume Female: 64.5
Male: 73.9
Female:71.8
Male: 67.2
Maceira et al., JCMR 2006 120 20–80 Not mentioned 50% (60:60) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV mass Female: 75
Male: 80
Female: 67
Male: 67
Hudsmith et al., JCMR 2005 108 21–68 Not mentioned 42% (63:45) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV mass Female: 78
Male: 82
Female: 69
Male: 69
Alfakih et al., JMRI 2003 60 20–65 Not mentioned 50% (30:30) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV mass Female: 77.7
Male: 82.3
Female: 64.0
Male: 64.2
Salton et al., JACC 2002 142 38–72 Not mentioned 56% (63:79) Inclusion of papillary muscle in LV volume Female: 49.8
Male: 57.6
Female: 70
Male: 69
  1. aAge range not reported in original publication, but study population clarified in the source by Oyama et al. 2008. “Differential Impact of Age, Sex, and Hypertension on Aortic Atherosclerosis.” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 28 (1): 155–59
  2. LV left ventricular; LVEDV left ventricular end-diastolic volume; BSA body surface area; LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction