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Table 2 Acquisition methods and procedures for cardiovascular structures

From: Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR) guidelines for reporting cardiovascular magnetic resonance examinations

  Recommended Recommended if acquired/if present Optional
Left ventricular (LV) structure and function Method of acquisition
Method of analysis
LVEDV/LVEDVI
LVESV/LVESVI
LVSV/LVSVI
LVEF
CO/CI
LVM/LVM index
LV end diastolic wall thickness
Regional wall motion
Aneurysms
N/A Qualitative assessment of wall thickening
Right ventricular (RV) structure and function Method of acquisition
Method of analysis
RVEF
Regional wall motion
N/A RVEDV/RVEDVI
RVESV/RVESVI
RVSV/RVSVI
RV mass
Qualitative assessment of wall thickening
Curvature of the interventricular septum
First pass perfusion N/A First-pass perfusion and late gadolinium enhancement
Post MI tissue characterization
N/A
Late gadolinium enhancement Location
Myocardial distribution
Extent
Interpretation
N/A Total mass of infarcted tissue
Stress perfusion (vasodilator) Visual appearance of contrast enhancement
Number of segments involved and the suspected etiology of the perfusion defects
Extent
N/A Myocardial perfusion in ml/min/g
Stress function (dobutamine) Wall motion
Inducible LV wall motion abnormalities
Contractile reserve
Myocardial perfusion Wall motion score index
Blood flow Direction and range of the velocity encoding setting
Flow measurements
N/A Peak and mean velocities and orifice areas
Advanced tissue characterization Iron quantification: septal native myocardial T2*; global native myocardial T1
Hemorrhage: regional native myocardial T1; regional native myocardial T2; regional native myocardial T2*
Suspected global acute myocardial injury: global or regional native myocardial T2; global or regional native myocardial T1
Fibrosis/infiltration/scar in cardiomyopathies: global or regional native myocardial T1;
Inflammation − injury + edema: global or regional native myocardial T1; global or regional native myocardial T2
N/A Iron quantification: Global native myocardial T2; global native myocardial T2
Suspected global acute myocardial injury: global or regional native myocardial T2 values; global or regional native myocardial T1 values;
Fibrosis/infiltration/scar in cardiomyopathies: global or regional ECV
Inflammation − injury + edema: global or regional ECV
Strain Orientation
Global or regional extent
Absolute values for peak strain N/A
Atrial structure and function Evaluation of left atrial (LA and right atrial (RA) size as within normal limits or dilated
Presence of an atrial septal defect
Presence of lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum
N/A Degree of dilation
Left and right atrial volumes and corresponding indices
Maximal LA volume
Maximal LA volume index to BSA
Maximal RA volume
Maximal RA volume indexed to BSA
Minimal LA volume
Minimal RA volume
LA longitudinal and transverse dimensions and areas, measured on end-systolic 2, 3, and 4 chamber cine images
RA length measured in the end-systolic 4 chamber cine image
Evaluation and post-processing recommendations Atrial dimensions or area
Pericardium Pericardial thickness
Pericardial effusion
Signs of cardiac tamponade
Ventricular (inter)dependence
Inflammation of pericardial layers
Evidence of associated myocarditis
N/A Mobility/fusion
RV/LV inflow patterns
Edema of pericardial layers
MR Angiography Maximal external diameter, or maximal external perpendicular diameters for asymmetric dimensions
For plaque/stenosis: maximum external diameter
Location of atherosclerosis and plaque characteristics
Thickness/size of atherosclerosis and plaque characteristics
Mobility plaques of atherosclerosis and plaque characteristics
Estimate % stenosis of atherosclerosis and plaque characteristics if hemodynamically relevant
Aortic annulus of thoracic aorta
Sinsues of Valsalva of thoracic aorta
Sinotubular junction of thoracic aorta
Ascending and descending aorta diameters at the level of the pulmonary artery of thoracic aorta
Aortic arch diameter of thoracic aorta
Comment on sinotubular effacement of thoracic aorta
Comment on tortuosity of thoracic aorta
Maximal abdominal aortic diameter
Number and patency of renal arteries
Status of the celiac, superior mesenteric and inferior mesenteric arteries
Stent presence/absence; patency/occlusion; presence of thrombus
Post-operative/procedural appearance
Inflammatory disease of the major vessels
Comparison to prior examinations
Post-operative appearance
Post-contrast appearance/enhancement of atherosclerosis and plaque characteristics
Inflammation of atherosclerosis and plaque characteristics, if sequences acquired
Change from prior examinations (include prior dimension and date)
Minimal lumen diameters along common femoral arteries, external iliac arteries, common iliac arteries bilaterally
For plaque/stenosis: lumen diameter
Cross-sectional area(s), particularly when dimensions are asymmetric
Areas and volume measurements of abdominal aorta and peripheral arteries
Valvular assessment Morphology to be reported as normal or abnormal
Qualitative descriptors of function
Quantitative findings of function (degree of stenosis or semilunar valves, valve area, degree of stenosis of atrioventricular valves)
Degree of valvular regurgitation
Severity of any stenosis or regurgitation
N/A Relevant hemodynamic parameters
  1. LA, left atrium/left atrial; LV, left ventricle/left ventricular; LVEDV, left ventricular end-diastolic volume; LVEDVI, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LVESV, left ventricular end-systolic volume; LVESVI, left ventricular end-systolic volume index; RA, right atrium/right atrial; RVEDV, right ventricular end-diasolic volume; RVEDVI, right ventricular end-diastolic volume index; RVEF, right ventricular ejection fraction; RVESV, right ventricular end-systolic volume; RVESVI, right ventricular end-systolic volume index