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Preferred JCMR Abbreviations:

NB: If an abbreviation has multiple options (*), please only use one option per manuscript.

2Ch

two chamber

2D

two-dimensional 

3D 

three-dimensional

4Ch

four chamber

4D

four-dimensional

4DF

four-dimensional flow



A

area

A2C

apical two chamber

A4C

apical four chamber

AA

aortic arch

AA

adductor artery

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

AAo

ascending aorta

AAP

American Academy of Pediatrics

AAR

area at risk

ABI

ankle-brachial index

ACAR

acute cardiac allograft rejection

ACC 

American College of Cardiology

ACCF

American College of Cardiology Foundation

ACDC

Automated Cardiac Diagnosis Challenge

ACEI

angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor

ACS

acute coronary syndrome

ACR

American College of Radiology

ACR

acute cardiac rejection

ACS

acute coronary syndrome

AD

aortic distensibility

ADAM

adaptive moment estimation algorithm

ADMM

alternating direction method of multipliers

ADP

adenosine diphosphate

ADT

appropriate device therapy

AE

adverse event

AF

atrial fibrillation

AF

Atlas Forests

AFP

adiabatic full passage

AHA 

American Heart Association

AHP

adiabatic half passage

AHP

adiabatic half passage

AI

artificial intelligence

AIC

Akaike’s information criteria

AIF

arterial input function

AIM

annular inflow method

AKI

acute kidney injury

AL

amyloid light chain

AMA

American Medical Association

AMI

acute myocardial infarction

AML

anterior mitral leaflet

ANCA

anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody

ANCOVA

analysis of covariance

ANOVA

analysis of variance

AOA

anatomic orifice area

AP

anterior-posterior

AP

aorto-pulmonary

ApA

apical angle

APMHR

age predicted maximal heart rate

ARB

angiotensin receptor blocker

ARDS

acute respiratory distress syndrome

ART

antiretroviral therapy

ARVC

arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy

AS

aortic stenosis

ASD

atrial septal defect

ASE

American Society of Echocardiography

ASL

arterial spin labeling

ASNC

American Society of Nuclear Cardiology

ASO

arterial switch operation

AT2R

angiotensin 2 receptor

AT1R

angiotensin 1 receptor

ATP

adenosine triphosphate

ATP

antitachycardia pacing

ATTR

amyloid transthyrein (amyloidosis)

AUC

appropriate use criteria

AUC

area under the curve

AV

atrioventricular

AV

aortic valve

AV

aorto-vertebral

AVA

aortic valve area

AVC

arrhythmic ventricular cardiomyopathy

AVI

aorto-vertebral interface

AVO2

arteriovenous oxygen

AVPD

atrioventricular plane descent

AVR

aortic valve replacement

AVVR

atrioventricular valve regurgitation



BA

basilar artery

BAV

bicuspid aortic valve

BB

black blood

BBTI

black blood thrombus imaging

BCA

brachiocephalic artery

BCS

blind compressed sensing

BCW

backwards compression wave

BH

breath hold

BIC

Bayesian information criteria

BMC

blood-to-myocardial contrast

BMI 

body mass index

BMV

bioprosthetic mitral valve

BNP

brain natriuretic peptide

BOLD

blood-oxygen dependent contrast

BP

blood pressure

BPD

bronchopulmonary dysplasia

BPM

beats per minute

BSA 

body surface area

bSSFP

balanced steady state free precession

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

BW

band width

BW

body weight



C

compacted

C-SENSE

compressed sensitivity encoding

CA

cardiac amyloidosis

CAA

coronary artery anomaly

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

CAD 

coronary artery disease

CAV

coronary allograft vasculopathy

CAVI

cardio-ankle vascular index

CBCMR

Certification Board of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

CBF

coronary blood flow

CCA

common carotid artery

CCMRA

coronary cardiovascular magnetic resonance angiography

ccTGA

congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries

CDC

United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CE

contrast enhanced

CE

Conformité Européenne

CE-MARC

Clinical Evaluation of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Coronary Heart Disease

CEA

carotid endarterectomy

CEF

coronary endothelial function

CETP

cholesterylester transfer protein

CF

center frequency

CFA

common femoral artery

cFA

compartment fractional anisotropy

CFD

computational flow dynamics

CFR

coronary flow reserve

CHD

congenital heart disease

CHESS

chemical shift selective saturation

CI

confidence interval

CI

cardiac index

CIA

common iliac artery

CIED

cardiac implanted electronic device

CircE

circulatory efficiency

CK

creatine kinase

CKD

chronic kidney disease

CLIO

cross-linked iron oxide

cMD

compartment mean diffusivity

CME

continuing medical education

CMP

central mean pressure

CMP

cardiomyopathy

CMR  

cardiovascular magnetic resonance

CMRA

coronary magnetic resonance angiography

CMRA

cardiovascular magnetic resonance angiography

CMRS

cardiovascular magnetic resonance spectroscopy

CMRV

cardiovascular magnetic resonance venography

CMS

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

CNN

convolutional neural networks

CNR 

contrast-to-noise ratio

CNS

central nervous system

CO

cardiac output

COeff

effective cardiac output

CoA

coarctation of aorta

COCATS

Core Cardiovascular Training Statement

CoM

center of mass

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CorCTA

coronary computed tomography angiography

CoV

coefficient of variation

CP

circulatory power

CPET

cardiopulmonary exercise testing

CPK

creatine phosphokinase

CPO

cardiac power output

CPR

curved planar reconstruction

Cr

creatinine

CR

contrast ratio

CR

creatinine

CRP

c-reactive protein

CRT

cardiac resynchronization therapy

CS

compressed sensing

CS

coronary sinus

CSA

cross-sectional area

CSBF

coronary sinus blood flow

CSF

cerebral spinal fluid

CSI

chemical shift imaging

CSPAMM

complementary spatial modulation of magnetization

CT

computed tomography

CTA

computed tomography angiography

CTD

connective tissue disease

CTEPH

chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

CTO

chronic total occlusion

CV

cardiovascular

CVA

cerebrovascular attack

cVAE

conditional variational autoencoder

CVD

cardiovascular disease

CVF

collagen volume fraction

CVO

combined ventricular output

CVR

cerebrovascular resistance



D

distance

D-TGA

dextro-transposition of the great arteries

DAA

distal aortic arch

dAAo

distal ascending aorta

DAo

descending aorta

DBP

diastolic blood pressure

DC

distensibility coefficient

DC

diagnostic confidence

DCE

dynamic contrast enhancement

DCI

diffusion compartment imaging

DCM

dilated cardiomyopathy

DCMR

dobutamine stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance

DD

ductus diverticulum

DENSE

displacement encoding with stimulated echoes

DICOM

digital imaging and communications in medicine

DIF

diffuse interstitial fibrosis

DIR

double inversion recovery

DL

deep learning

DM

diabetes mellitus

DMD

Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy

DMF

diffuse myocardial fibrosis

dNAV

diaphragmatic navigator

DORV

double outlet right ventricle

DRA

dark rim artifact

DSA

digital subtraction angiography

DSC

Dice similarity coefficient

DSE

dobutamine stress echocardiography

DORV

double outlet right ventricle

dp-SIR

dentate nucleus to pons signal intensity ratio

DRA

dark rim artifact

DSA

digital subtraction angiography

DSC

Dice Similarity Coefficient

DTA

descending thoracic aorta

DTI

diffusion tensor imaging

DUS

Doppler ultrasound

DTPA

diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid

DVT

deep venous thrombosis

DW

diffusion weighted

DWI

diffusion weighted imaging



Ea

effective elastance

EACVI

European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging

EAM

electroanatomic map

ECA

external carotid artery

Ecc

circumferential strain

ECF

extracellular fluid

ECG 

electrocardiogram

ECM

extracellular matrix

ECV

extracellular volume

ECVm

measured extracellular volume

ECVsyn

synthetic extracellular volume

ED

end-diastole

EDD

end-diastolic dimension

EDV

end-diastolic volume

EDVI

end-diastolic volume index

EED

endocardial edge delineation

Ees

end-systolic elastance

EF

ejection fraction

EF

emptying fraction

eCNR

estimated contrast-to-noise ratio

EGE

early gadolinium enhancement

EGEr

early gadolinium enhancement ratio

eGFR

estimated glomerular filtration rate

EGPA

eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis

EI

eccentricity index

EL

energy loss

ELBO

evidence lower bound

Ell

longitudinal strain

EMA

European Medicines Agency

Emax

maximal end-systolic elastance

EMB

endomyocardial biopsy

EMG

electromyogram

EMI

electromagnetic interference

EMS

emergency medical services

ENDO

endocardium/endocardial

ENMC

European Neuromuscular Centre

EOA

effective orifice area

EP

electrophysiological

EPI

echoplanar imaging



Err

radial strain

ES

end-systole

ES

edge sharpness

ESC

European Society of Cardiology

ESCR

European Society of Cardiovascular Radiology

ESD

end-systolic dimension

ESMA

elastin specific magnetic resonance agent

ESNR

estimated signal-to-noise ratio

ESPVR

end-systolic pressure volume relationship

ESR

European Society of Radiology

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

ESSsep

end-systolic septal strain

ESV

end-systolic volume

ESVI

end-systolic volume index

ETA

elongated transverse aortic arch

ETL

echo train length



FA

flip angle

FA

fatty acid

FA

fractional anisotropy

FAC

fractional area change

FB

free breathing

FC

fibrous cap

FCN

fully convolutional neural network

FCR

fibrous cap rupture

FCSA

fast composite splitting algorithm

FCW

forward compression wave

FD

flow diverter

FD

fractal dimension

FDA

United States Food and Drug Administration

FE

ferumoxytol enhanced

FED

fibroelastic deficiency

FID

free induction decay

FDA

United States Food and Drug Administration

FDG

fluorodeoxyglucose

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in one second

FFE

fast field echo

FFR

fractional flow reserve

FFT

fast Fourier transform

FFV

forward flow volume

FGP

fast gradient projection

FH

foot-head

FHS

Framingham Heart Study

FISTA

fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm

FL

false lumen

FLAIR

fluid attenuated inversion recovery

FLASH

fast low angle shot

fMRI

functional magnetic resonance imaging

FN

false negative

FOV

field-of-view 

FP

false positive

FPP

first pass perfusion

FPR

false positive rate

FS

fat saturation

FS

fractional shortening

FSE

fast spin echo

FT

Fourier transform

FT

feature tracking

FVC

forced vital capacity

FW

free wall

FWHM

full width at half maximum

FWLS

free wall longitudinal strain



GAN

generative adversarial network

GBCA

gadolinium based contrast agent

GBM

gradient boosting machine

GC-LOLA 

gradient controlled local Larmor adjustment

GCS

global circumferential strain

GCSR

global circumferential strain rate

Gd 

gadolinium

GDMT

goal directed medical therapy

GLM

general linear models

GLS

global longitudinal strain

GLSR

global longitudinal strain rate

GPU

graphical processor units

Grad-CAM

Gradient-weighted Class Activation Mapping

GRAPPA

generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisition


GraSE

gradient and spin echo

GRASP

Golden angle radial sparse parallel

GRE

gradient recalled echo

GRS

global radial strain

GS

golden-step

GT

ground truth

GWAS

genome wide association study



H&E

hematoxylin and eosin

HA

helix angle

HARP

harmonic phase magnetic resonance

HASTE

half-Fourier single shot turbo spin echo

Hb

hemoglobin

HbA1c

hemoglobin A1c

HCM

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hct

hematocrit

HCTsyn

synthetic hematocrit

HD

Housdorff distance

HDL

high density lipoprotein

HDPE

high-density polyethylene

HE

hematoxylin and eosin

HF

heart failure

HFmrEF

heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction

HFpEF

heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

HFrEF

heart failure with reduced ejection fraction

Hb

hemoglobin

HHFP

hypertension-associated heart failure in pregnancy

HIP

high intensity plaque

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HLA

horizontal long axis

HLHS

hypoplastic left heart syndrome

HOCM 

hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

HOMA-IR

Homeostasis model assessment-estimated insulin resistance

HR

heart rate

HR

hazard ratio

HRS

Heart Rhythm Society

HS

high salt

hs-cT

high sensitivity cardiac troponin

HSCT

hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

HU

Hounsfield units

HW

heart weight



I/R

ischemia/reperfusion

IAA

infrarenal abdominal aorta

ICA

internal carotid artery

ICA

iodinated contrast agent

ICA

invasive coronary angiography

ICC

intraclass correlation coefficient

ICD

implanted cardiodefibrillator

ICE

intracardiac echocardiography

ICM

ischemic cardiomyopathy

iCMR

invasive cardiovascular magnetic resonance

ICTP

type I collagen C terminal telopeptide

IFG

impaired fasting glucose

IFT

inverse Fourier transform

IHD

ischemic heart disease

IHG

isometric hand grip

IIM

idiopathic inflammatory myopathy

ILT

intraluminal thrombus

IMCL

intramyocardial lipids 

IMH

intramyocardial hemorrhage

iNAV

image-based navigator

INCA study

Impact of Non-invasive CMR Assessment

INR

international normalized ratio

IO

iron overload

IPAH

idiopathic pulmonary artery hypertension

IPH

intraplaque hemorrhage

IQ

image quality

IQA

image quality assessment

IQR

interquartile range

IR

inversion recovery

IRF

impulse response function

IRF

in-plane rotational flow

IRSE

inversion recovery spin echo

ISFsep-lat

internal stretch factor

ISHLT

International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation

IV

intravenous

IVMD

int3erventricular mechanical delay

IVUS

intravascular ultrasound

IVC

inferior vena cava

IVS

interventricular septum

IVST

interventricular septal thickness

IVUS

intravascular ultrasound



JSENSE

joint image reconstruction and sensitivity estimation in sensitivity encoding



KE

kinetic energy

Kt-BLAST

kt broad linear speed up technique



L-TGA

levo-transposition of the great arties

LA

left atrium/left atrial

LA

long axis

LA

left anterior

LAA

left atrial appendage

Lac

lactate

LAD

left atrial descending coronary artery

LAEF

left atrial emptying fraction

LAAEmF

left atrial active emptying function

LAPEmF

left atrial passive emptying function

LATEmF

left atrial total emptying function

LAV

left atrial volume

LAVi

left atrial volume index

LAx

long axis

LBBB

left bundle branch block

LCA

left coronary artery

LCP

leadless cardiac pacemaker

LCX 

left circumflex coronary artery

LDL

low density lipoprotein

LFP

linear flip angle

LGE

late gadolinium enhancement

LHC

left heart catheterization

LISA

linearly increasing start-up angles

LL

lower limit

LLC

Lake Louise criteria

LM

left main coronary artery

LM

loose matrix

LMS

Lambda-Mu-Sigma

LNH

local normalized helicity

LOA

limits of agreement

LOS

length of stay

LOST

LOw-dimensional-structure Self-learning and Thresholding

LP

left posterior

LPA

left pulmonary artery

LR

left-right

LR

low resolution

LRNC

lipid rich necrotic core

LS

longitudinal strain

LV

left ventricle/left ventricular

LVEDVP

left ventricular end-diastolic pressure

LVEDV

left ventricular end-diastolic volume

LVEDVI

left ventricular end-diastolic volume index

LVEF

left ventricular ejection fraction

LVESV

left ventricular end-systolic volume

LVM

left ventricular mass

LVMI

left ventricular mass index

LVMP

left ventricular myocardial power

LVNC

left ventricular non-compaction

LVOT

left ventricular outflow tract

LVOTO

left ventricular outflow tract obstruction

LWD

lung water density



M1

middle cerebral artery

MA

mitral annulus/mitral annular

mAA

mid-ascending aorta

MAC

moving angle crossing

MACE

major adverse cardiac event

MAE

mean absolute error

mAoP

mean aortic pressure

MAP

mean arterial pressure

MAPSE

mitral annular plane systolic excursion

MARC

Markers And Response to CRT study

MBF

myocardial blood flow

MBG

myocardial blush grade

MBP

mean blood pressure

MBV

myocardial blood volume

MCA

middle cerebral artery

MCD

mean contour distance

MCE

myocardial contrast echocardiography

MCF

myocardial contraction fraction

MCP

monocyte chemoattractant protein

MD

mean diffusivity

MDCT

multidetector computed tomography

MDIR

multislice double inversion recovery

mDixon

modified Dixon

MDT

mitral deceleration time

MERGE

motion sensitized driven equilibrium rapid gradient echo

MESA

Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

MeSH

Medical Subject Heading

MFA

myocyte fractional anisotropy

MFR

myocardial flow reserve

MFS

Marfan syndrome

MHD

magnetohydrodynamic effect

MI

myocardial infarction

MICSR

magnitude image CSPAMM

MINOCA

myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries

MIP

maximal intensity projection

ML

machine learning

MMD

myotonic muscular dystrophy

MMP

metalloproteinases

MMRC

Modified Medical Research Council

Mn

manganese

MO

microvascular obstruction

MOCO

motion corrected

MOG

metric optimized gating

MOLLI

MOdified Look Locker Inversion recovery

MOOSE

Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology

MP

myocardial perfusion

MP-RAGE

magnetization prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo

MPA

main pulmonary artery

mPAP

mean pulmonary artery pressure

MPBF

maldistribution of pulmonary blood flow

MPI

myocardial perfusion imaging

MPO

myeloperoxidase

MPR

myocardial perfusion reserve

MPR

multiplanar reconstruction/reformatting

MPRAGE

magnetization prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo

MPRI

myocardial perfusion reserve index

MR

magnetic resonance 

MR

mitral regurgitation

MR-IMPACT

CMR for Myocardial Perfusion Assessment in Coronary Artery Disease

MR-INFORM

Magnetic Resonance Perfusion or Fractional Flow Reserve in Coronary Artery Disease

MRegur

mitral regurgitation

MRA

magnetic resonance angiography

MRE

magnetic resonance elastography

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MRS

magnetic resonance spectroscopy

mSAX

midventricular short axis



MSE

mean square error

MSI

myocardial salvage index

MT

magnetization transfer

MTC

magnetization transfer contrast

MTG

myocardial triglyceride content

MV

mitral valve

MVD

microvascular disease

MVO

microvascular obstruction

MVO2

myocardial oxygen consumption

MVP

mitral valve prolapse

MVR

mass volume ratio

MVR

mitral valve repair

MVR

mitral valve replacement

MVV

maximal voluntary ventilation



NASCET

North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial

NAV

navigator

NASCI

North American Society of Cardiovascular Imaging

NC

non-compacted

NC

necrotic core

NCS

normalized circumferential strain

NF

net flow

NFG

non-fasting glucose

NICM

non-ischemic cardiomyopathy

NHLBI

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

NIHSS

National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology laboratory

NO

nitric oxide

NOS

Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale

NR

non-rigid

NRI

net reclassification index

NS

non-selective

NS

normal salt

NSF

nephrogenic systemic fibrosis

NSTEMI

non ST elevation myocardial infarction

NSVT

non-sustained ventricular tachycardia

NT-pro BNP

N-terminal pro-hormone brain natriuretic peptide

NWI

normalized wall index

NYHA

New York Heart Association



OCT

optical coherence tomography

OMT

optimal medical therapy

OR

odds ratio

OS

oxygen sensitive

OSA

obstructive sleep apnea

OSI

oscillatory shear index

OXPHOS

oxidative phosphorylation

PA

popliteal artery

PA

pulmonary artery

PACS

Picture archiving and communication system

PAD

peripheral arterial disease

PAF

paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

PAH

pulmonary artery hypertension

PANDA

principle component analysis and dictionary learning

PAP

pulmonary artery pressure

PAPR

powered air-purifying respirators

PAPVC

partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection

PAWS

phase-ordered automatic window selection

PBVV

pulmonary blood volume variation

PC

phase contrast

PC

principle component

PCA

principal component analysis

PCA

phase contrast angiography

PCI

percutaneous coronary intervention

PCMR

phase contrast magnetic resonance

PCr

phosphocreatine

PCR

polymerace chain reaction

PDA

patent ductus arteriosus

PDA

posterior descending coronary artery

PDW

proton density weighted

PCWP

pulmonary capillary wedge pressure

PE

phase encoding

PE

potential energy

PE

pulmonary embolism

PEA

pulseless electrical activity

PEA

pulmonary endarterectomy

PET

positron emission tomography

PF

peak flow

PFA

Perfluoroalkoxyalkane

PFR

peak filling rate

PGSE

pulse gradient spin echo

PH

pulmonary hypertension

PHiSeg

probabilistic hierarchical segmentation

PI

pulsatility index

PLAX

parasternal long axis

PLSVC

persistent left superior vena cava

PMMA

polymethyl methacrylate

pMI

periprocedure myocardial injury

PML

posterior mitral leaflet

PMR

plaque to myocardial signal intensity ratio

POC

point-of-care

POMP

phase offset multiplanar

PP

pulse pressure

PPCI

primary percutaneous coronary intervention

PPCM

Peripartum cardiomyopathy

PPI

pitch per inch

PPM

permanent pacemaker

PR

precision recall

PR

pulmonic regurgitation

PRESS

point resolved spectroscopy

PRISM

preferred reporting items for systemic reviews and meta-analysis

PRISMA

preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta analyses

PROST

patch-based low-rank reconstruction

pSAT

partial saturation

PSF

point spread function

PSAX

parasternal short axis

PSIR

phase sensitive inversion recovery

PSYS

peak systolic pressure

PTFE

polytetrafluoroethylene

PV

pulmonary valve

PV

pulmonary vein

PV

pressure volume

PV

peak velocity

PVC

polyvinyl chloride

PVDR

pulmonary vascular distensibility reserve

PVI

pulmonary vein isolation

PVOD

pulmonary veno-occlusive disease

PVR

pulmonic valve replacement

PVR

pulmonary vascular resistance

PWV

pulse wave velocity

Pyr

pyruvate



Q

flow

QALY

quality-adjusted life year

QC

quality control

QCA

quantitative coronary angiography

QIBA

Quantitative Imaging and Biomarkers Alliance

QIR

quadruple inversion recovery

QISS

quiescent interval slice-selective

Qp

pulmonic flow

Qs

systemic flow

QSM

quantitative susceptibility mapping

QTc

corrected QT interval



RA

right atrium/right atrial

RA

right-anterior

rAHP

reverse adiabatic half passage

RARE

rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement

RAA

right atrial appendage

RAPID-IHD

Rapid Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance for Ischemic Heart Disease

RAV

right atrial volume

RAVI

right atrial volume index

RBP

mean radius of the blood pool

rBW

receiver bandwidth

RCA

right coronary artery

RCA

reverse classification accuracy

RCT

randomized controlled trial(s)

REACT

Relaxation-enhanced angiography without contrast and triggering

RER 

respiratory exchange ratio

ReLU

rectified linear unit

RER

respiratory exchange ratio

RF

radiofrequency

RF

regurgitant fraction

RF

random forests

RF2

Random Forests

RHC

right heart catheterization

RL

right-left

RMS

root mean square

RMSD

root mean square distance

RMSE

root mean square error

ROC

receiver operator characteristics

ROC

receiver operator curve

ROI

region-of-interest

ROS

reactive oxygen species

RP

right posterior

RPA

recursive partitioning analysis

RPA

right pulmonary artery

RPP

rate pressure product

RRT

renal replacement therapy

RSNA

Radiological Society of North America

RT

real time

RTC

real time cine

RU

relative upslope

RV

right ventricle/right ventricular

RVED

right-ventricular end-diastolic volume

RVEDVI

right ventricular end-diastolic volume index

RVEF

right ventricular ejection fraction

RVESVI

right ventricular end-systolic volume index

RVH

right ventricular hypertrophy

RVLA

right ventricular long axis

RVol

regurgitant volume

RVOT

right ventricular outflow tract

RVSP

right ventricular systolic pressure

RWM

regional wall motion



SALLI

small animal Look Locker inversion recovery

SAM

systolic anterior motion

SAPPHIRE

saturation pulse prepared heart rate independent inversion recovery

SAR

specific absorption rate

SARS-CoV-2

severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2

SASHA

saturation recovery single-shot acquisition

SAT

saturation pulse

SAx

short axis

SBP

systolic blood pressure 

SCAI

Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions

SCCT

Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography

SCD

sudden cardiac death

SCMR 

Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

S-ICD

subcutaneous implantable cardioverter/defibrillator

SD

standard deviation

SDp

pooled standard deviation

SE

spin echo

SEE

standard error of the estimate

SENC

strain encoding

SENSE

sensitivity encoding

SFA

superficial femoral artery

SFRR

systolic flow reversal ratio

SIR

stress-to-rest intensity ratio

SIT

situs inversus totalis

sGS

sorted golden step

ShMOLLI

Shortened modified Look Locker inversion recovery

SI

signal intensity

SI

superior-inferior

SL

spin lock

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

SLFF

semilunar valve forward flow

SLICE

segment length in Cine

SLNF

semilunar valve net flow

SLV

single left ventricle



SMA

superior mesenteric artery

SMASH

simultaneous acquisition of spatial harmonics

SMD

standardized mean difference

SMR

spleen-to-myocardium ratio

SMS

simultaneous multi-slice

SNA

sympathetic nerve activity

SNR

signal-to-noise ratio

SOP

standard operating procedures

SOS

stack of stars

SP

sinus prosthesis

SPACE

sampling perfection with application-optimized contrast using different flip angle evolutions

SPAIR

spectral attenuated inversion recovery

sPAP

systolic pulmonary artery pressure

SPCTPD

Society of Pediatric Cardiology Training Program Directors

SPECT

single photon emission computed tomography

SPAMM

spatial modulation of magnetization

SPAIR

spectral attenuated inversion recovery

SPGR

spoiled gradient echo

SPINS

Stress CMR Perfusion Imaging in the United States

SPIO

small particle iron oxide

SPIR

spectral presaturation with inversion recovery

SPR

splenic perfusion ratio

SR

strain rate

SR

sinus rhythm

SR

super resolution

SRR

super resolution reconstruction

SRSsep

systolic rebound stretch of the septum

SRV

single right ventricle

SS

slice-selective

SSDI

Social Security Death Index

SSFP

steady state free precession

SSI

systolic stretch index

SSIM

structured similarity index

SScPAH

systemic sclerosis pulmonary artery hypertension

bSSFP

balanced steady state free precession

SSO

splenic switch-off

SSR

single volume super-resolution reconstruction

STE

speckle tracking echocardiography

STEAM

stimulated echo acquisition mode

STEMI

ST elevation myocardial infarction

STIR

short tau inversion recovery

STJ 

sinotubular junction

STS

Surgical Thoracic Society

SV

stroke volume

SVC

superior vena cava

SVE

shared velocity encoding

SVI

stroke volume index

SVR

systemic vascular resistance

SW

stroke work

SWALL

mean myocardial wall thickness



T

Tesla

T1DM

type 1 diabetes mellitus

T1w

T1 weighted

T2DM

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

T2w

T2 weighted

TA

transverse angle

TA

texture analysis

TA

tricuspid annulus/tricuspid annular

TAC

total arterial compliance

TAC

transverse aortic constriction

TACi

total arterial compliance index

TAPSE

tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion

TAV

trileaflet aortic valve

TAVI

transcatheter aortic valve implantation

TAVR

transcatheter aortic valve replacement

TCPC

total cavopulmonary connection

TCM

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy

TD

delay time

TD

time difference

TD

trigger delay

TDI

tissue Doppler imaging

TE

echo time 

TEE

transesophageal echocardiography 

TEVAR

thoracic endovascular aortic repair

TFC

Task Force Criteria

TFE

turbo field echo

TG

triglyceride

TGA

transposition of the great arteries

THR

target heart rate

TI

inversion time

TIA

transient ischemic attack

TIMI

thrombolysis in myocardial infarction

TIMP

tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases

TL

true lumen

TMA

trimethylammonium

TN

true negative

TOF

tetralogy of Fallot

TP

true positive

TP

tube prosthesis

TPG

transpulmonary pressure gradient

TPM

tissue phase mapping

TPR

true positive rate

TR

repetition time

TR

tricuspid regurgitation 

TR

time resolved

TS

saturation delay

TSE

turbo spin echo

TSL

spin lock times

TT

transit time

TTC

triphenyltetrazolium chloride

TTE

transthoracic echocardiography 

TV

total variation

TV

tricuspid valve

TVI

time velocity integral

TxREF

transmitter B1 reference



UAV

unicuspid aortic valve

UKBB

United Kingdom BioBank

UL

upper limit

US

ultrasound

USPIO

ultrasmall particles  of iron oxide 

UV

umbilical vein



VA

ventricular arrhythmias

VCAM

vascular cell adhesion molecule

VCG

vector electrocardiogram

VD

variable density

VE

ventilator efficiency

VENC

velocity encoded

VES

ventricular extra-systoles

VF

ventricular fibrillation

VFA

variable flip angle

VLA

vertical long axis

VO2

oxygen consumption

VOL

volume

Vp

propagation velocity

VPS

visual presence score

VR

volume rendered

VSARR

valve sparing aortic root replacement

VSD

ventricular septal defect

VSMC

vascular smooth muscle cells

VT

ventricular tachycardia

VT

ventilator threshold

VTE

venous thromboembolism

VTS

visual transmurality score

VV

interventricular

Vwall

myocardial wall volume

VWI

vessel wall imaging



wb-LGE

wide band late gadolinium enhancement

WC

waist circumference

WE

water excitation

WET

water suppression enhanced through T1 effects

WH

whole heart

WHO

World Health Organization

WHR

waist hip ratio

WHtR

waist to height ratio

WIA

wave intensity analysis

WISE

Women Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation

WMA

wall motion abnormality

WSS

wall shear stress

WT

wall thickness

WU

Wood units



XA

x-ray angiography

XMR

combined x-ray cardiac magnetic resonance laboratories





Annual Journal Metrics

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