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1008 Contrast enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging prior to prophylactic implantation of a cardioverter/defibrillator identifies patients with increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias

Introduction

Prophylactic implantation of a cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) has been shown to reduce mortality in patients with chronic myocardial infarction (CMI) and an increased risk for life threatening ventricular arrhythmia (VA). VA is related to infarct size and seems to be related to infarct morphology. Contrast enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (ceCMR) can detect and quantify myocardial fibrosis in the setting of CMI and might therefore be a valuable tool for more accurate risk stratification in this setting.

Purpose

ceCMR can identify the subgroup developing VA in patients with prophylactic ICD implantation following MADIT criteria.

Methods

We prospectively enrolled 50 patients (47 males, age 68 ± 10 years) with CMI and clinical indication for ICD therapy following MADIT criteria. Prior to implantation (28 ± 72 days) patients were investigated on a 1.5 T clinical scanner to assess left ventricular function (LVEF) and late hyperenhancement for quantitative assessment of infarct morphology including total infarct mass, infarct mass related to LV mass, and the degree of transmurality defined by transmural to non-transmural extent in each scar (sequence: inversion recovery gradient echo; matrix 256 × 148, imaging 10–30 min after 0.2 μg/kg gadolinium DTPA; short axis stack; full coverage of the LV, no gap; slice thickness 6 mm). After implantation, patients were followed up including ICD readout after 3 and than every 6 months for a mean of 692 ± 292 days. ICD data were evaluated by an experienced electrophysiologist. Primary endpoint was the occurrence of an appropriate discharge (DC), antitachycard pacing (ATP) or death from cardiac cause.

Results

The endpoint occurred in 9 cases (5 DC, 3 ATP, 1 death). There was no significant association between the endpoint and LVEF (31 ± 9 vs. 31 ± 11, p = 0.97), total infarct mass (50 ± 19 vs 53 ± 34 g, p = 0.78) or infarct size related to left ventricular mass (29 ± 6% vs. 30 ± 16, p = 0.87). The degree of transmurality was significantly associated with the occurrence of the endpoint. Scars with mainly transmural (> 75%) or strictly subendocardial extent (< 50%) were less likely to show ventricular arrhythmia than scars with a transmural extent of 50–75% (Chi-Square p = 0.035).

Conclusion

In patients fulfilling MADIT criteria ceCMR could identify a subgroup at higher risk for VA. These preliminary results support the hypothesis that patients with large infarcts of mainly non-transmural extent are at increased risk for VA. Larger trials are needed to confirm this finding.

Author information

Correspondence to Philipp Boyé.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Boyé, P., Zacharzowsky, U., Abdel-Aty, H. et al. 1008 Contrast enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging prior to prophylactic implantation of a cardioverter/defibrillator identifies patients with increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10, A133 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-10-S1-A133

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Keywords

  • Infarct Size
  • Ventricular Arrhythmia
  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Chronic Myocardial Infarction
  • Transmural Extent