- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
1038 Magnetic resonance evaluation of the associations of thoracic and abdominal aortic plaques with the presense and extent of coronary artery stenosis
© Momiyama et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
- Published: 22 October 2008
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Abdominal Aorta
- Thoracic Aorta
- Coronary Artery Disease Patient
- Coronary Stenosis
The association between coronary artery disease (CAD) and thoracic aortic plaques was often reported using transesophageal echocardiography. Although an autopsy study reported plaques in abdominal aorta, but not in thoracic aorta, to be severe in patients with cardiac catastrophe, studies showing the association between CAD and abdominal plaques are scarce. Recently, MRI became a useful tool for non-invasively evaluating atherosclerotic plaques in both thoracic and abdominal aortas. Using MRI, we investigated the associations of thoracic and abdominal aortic plaques with the presence and extent of coronary artery stenosis.
Aortic MRI was performed on Signa 1.5 T Cvi with a phased-array body coil in 146 patients undergoing coronary angiography. Transverse PDW and T2W images of thoracic descending and abdominal aortas were obtained using ECG-gated, double-inversion-recovery FSE sequence. Imaging parameters were TR = 2 RR intervals, TE = 10 (PDW) and 60 ms (T2W), 20-cm FOV, 4-mm slice thickness, 8-mm inter-slice gap, 256 × 256 acquisition matrix, and 32 echo-train. For each patient, 9 slices of thoracic aorta and 9 slices of abdominal aorta were obtained at 12-mm intervals, which each covered about 10-cm portion of thoracic aorta below arch and 10-cm portion of abdominal aorta above the bifurcation of iliac artery. Plaque was defined as a clearly identified luminal protrusion with focal wall thickening, and plaque extent in each slice was scored 0 to 4 points by the percentage of luminal surface involved by plaque. Plaque extents in thoracic and abdominal aortas were represented as the number of slices with plaque (plaque slice number) and the sum of scores of 9 slices (plaque extent score). On coronary angiograms, the degree of stenosis in each segment was evaluated by 5 grades. The extent of coronary stenosis was represented as the number of >50% stenotic vessels and the numbers of >50% and >25% stenotic segments.
Of the 146 patients, 108 had CAD (>50% luminar diameter stenosis) on angiograms. The prevalence of thoracic and abdominal aortic plaques was higher in patients with CAD than without CAD (73% and 94% vs. 32% and 79%, P < 0.025). In multivariate analysis, thoracic plaques were an independent factor for the presence of CAD, while abdominal plaques were not. Of the 108 CAD patients, 47 had 1-vessel, 39 had 2-vessel, and 22 had 3-vessel disease. Stepwise increases in the prevalence and extents of both thoracic and abdominal plaques were found depending on the number of >50% stenotic coronary vessels. The plaque slice number and extent score in thoracic aorta correlated with the numbers of >50% stenotic coronary segments (r = 0.31 and 0.30 by Spearman's rank correlation) and >25% stenotic segments (r = 0.41 and 0.41) (P < 0.002). The plaque slice number and extent score in abdominal aorta also correlated with the numbers of >50% stenotic segments (r = 0.39 and 0.40) and >25% stenotic segments (r = 0.43 and 0.44) (P < 0.001). Notably, total plaque slice number (a total of plaque slice numbers in thoracic and abdominal aortas) and total plaque extent score (a total of plaque extent scores in aortas) correlated best with the numbers of >50% stenotic segments (r = 0.40 and 0.41) and >25% stenotic segments (r = 0.49 and 0.49) (P < 0.001). Total plaque extent was found to be the best predictor for the presence of CAD by receiver-operating-characteristics curve analysis (P < 0.01).
The prevalence of plaques in both thoracic and abdominal aortas was high in patients with CAD. Although only thoracic plaques were an independent factor for CAD, plaque extents in both thoracic and abdominal aortas correlated with the extent of coronary stenosis. As a result, total aortic plaque extent was more closely associated with the presence and extent of coronary stenosis than thoracic or abdominal plaque extent, and this factor was considered to be the best predictor for CAD.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.