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1061 The effect of Simpson's method and the Piecewise Smooth Subdivision Surface reconstruction method on right ventricle volume measurement and reconstruction


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using Simpson's method is the gold standard for measuring RV volume. The Piecewise Smooth Subdivision Surface (PSSS) reconstruction method is the only method that has been validated for accuracy in reproducing the 3-D shape of a heart ventricle as well as for measuring ventricular volume. The 3-D shape of the RV in congenital heart disease patients is distorted at the base and apex, regions difficult to visualize from short axis views.


We compared RV volume measured by Simpson's method and the PSSS reconstruction method.


We studied six normal patients and 18 patients whose RVs carry a systemic pressure load, half of whom had transposition of the great arteries (TGA) repaired with an atrial baffle and half with congenitally corrected TGA (ccTGA). Images acquired included a short axis stack, radially related long axis views, and oblique views intended to fully visualize the RV. The RV borders were manually traced and used to reconstruct the RV endocardial surface by the PSSS method, which produces a triangulated mesh. Volume was measured by summing the signed volumes of tetrahedra formed by connecting a point in space with each triangle on the mesh. The Simpson's analysis was performed on the short axis stacks alone, which were traced separately without reference to any other views.


Each study group yielded smaller RV volumes when analyzed with Simpson's method as compared with PSSS reconstruction method. The normal patients showed a 5.8% decrease in RV volume size for ED and an 11.8% decrease in ES (p < 0.020). Patients with ccTGA showed a 5.7% loss in volume in ED and a 9.6% loss in ES (p < 0.026). Congenital hearts with TGA displayed a 4.3% volume change in ED and 6.4% volume change in ES (p = NS).


When analyzed with Simpson's method, the RV volume was consistently smaller than the PSSS reconstructive method for normal hearts and hearts with ccTGA, but not in TGA. These differences may be attributable to the superior visualization of basal and apical structures from long axis views. Unlike the left ventricle, RV analysis should be performed with additional views due to the more complex shape of this chamber.

Table 1 Average RV volume and EF difference between Simpson's method and PSSS reconstructive method

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Correspondence to Teresa F Moroseos.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Moroseos, T.F., Sahn, D., Helbing, W. et al. 1061 The effect of Simpson's method and the Piecewise Smooth Subdivision Surface reconstruction method on right ventricle volume measurement and reconstruction. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10, A186 (2008).

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  • Congenital Heart Disease
  • Short Axis
  • Axis View
  • Heart Disease Patient
  • Congenital Heart Disease Patient