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1126 Regional right ventricular function and timing of contraction in healthy volunteers using strain-encoded MRI at 3 tesla

Introduction

As the importance of the right ventricle in many diseases has been realized, the need for quantitative assessment of the right ventricular free wall (RVFW) function and timing of contraction has become apparent. Strain-encoded (SENC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a new modality to assess left ventricular function. However, no data exists regarding the feasibility of this new technique in the characterization of the RVFW contraction pattern.

Purpose

To define regional RVFW strain and timing of contraction using SENC MRI at 3 T.

Methods

The study population included 9 healthy volunteers (7 men and 2 women, mean age 32 ± 1.7 years). RVFW was divided into three segments (anterior, mid and inferior) in each of three short axis slices (apical, mid, and basal) and into three segments (apical, mid, and basal) in four chamber view to allow for a detailed analysis. Maximal systolic transmural strain measurements were performed using Philips Achieva 3 T (breath-hold, 1.37 × 1.37 × 8 mm3; FFE; flip angle 40°; temporal resolution 25 ms).

Results

The normal RVFW regional strain and time to peak strain was not uniform. Maximal systolic longitudinal strain values were highest at the apex (apex: -18.6% ± 1.9; mid: -16.0% ± 2.0; base: -17.4% ± 3.0, P = 0.014) as well as maximal systolic circumferential strain values (apex: -20.3% ± 3.3; mid: -15.7% ± 2.6; base: -18.0% ± 0.8, P = 0.01). Peak systolic longitudinal shortening occurred latest at the apex compared to the base and mid ventricle (apex: 344 ms ± 61; mid: 278 ms ± 72; base: 275 ms ± 63, P = 0.006) and the peak systolic circumferential strain showed a borderline apex-to-base delay (apex: 262 ms ± 72; mid: 321 ms ± 43; base: 346 ms ± 40, P = 0.06).

Conclusion

This study demonstrates a better understanding of normal right ventricular contraction pattern and can serve as a comparison for disease states. Myocardial strain measured by SENC may represent a highly objective method for quantifying regional right ventricular function.

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Correspondence to Ashraf Hamdan.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hamdan, A., Thouet, T., Fahmy, A. et al. 1126 Regional right ventricular function and timing of contraction in healthy volunteers using strain-encoded MRI at 3 tesla. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10, A251 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-10-S1-A251

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Keywords

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Ventricular Function
  • Longitudinal Strain
  • Free Wall
  • Ventricular Contraction